Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 1595–1605 | Cite as

Adsorption characteristics of Cu(II) and Zn(II) by nano-alumina material synthesized by the sol-gel method in batch mode

  • Ren-yu Wang
  • Wei ZhangEmail author
  • Li-ying Zhang
  • Tian Hua
  • Gang Tang
  • Xiao-qian Peng
  • Ming-hui Hao
  • Qi-ting ZuoEmail author
Research Article


This study mainly focuses on the preparation, characterization, and sorption performance for Cu(II) and Zn(II) by using nano-alumina material (NA) synthesized through the sol-gel method. The SEM, EDS, FT-IR, and XRD analysis methods were implemented to identify the micromorphology and crystal structure of the synthesized NA absorbent and its structure after the adsorbing procedure. The effect of effective variables including various absorbent dose, contact time, initial ion concentration, and temperature on the removal of Cu(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solution by using NA was investigated through a single factor experiment. Kinetic studies indicated that adsorption of copper and zinc ions by NA was chemical adsorption. The adsorption isotherm data were fitted by Langmuir (R2: 0.919, 0.914), Freundlich (R2: 0.983, 0.993), and Temkin (R2: 0.876, 0.863) isotherms, indicating that copper and zinc ions were easily adsorbed by NA with maximum adsorption capacities of 87.7 and 77.5 mg/g for Cu2+ and Zn2+, respectively. Thermodynamic parameters indicated that the adsorption of Cu2+ was spontaneous(G<0) and the adsorption of Zn2+ might not be spontaneous (G > 0) by NA.

Graphical abstract


Nano-alumina Adsorption Copper ion removal Zinc ion removal 



The authors would like to express thanks to the support by the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2018M632799), Education Department of Henan Province Science Research Program (18B610008, 19A610010), and Key research and development and promotion special (182102311033). Also, the authors express gratitude to the Modern Analysis and Computing Center of Zhengzhou University for various materials’ analysis offered in this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ren-yu Wang
    • 1
  • Wei Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Li-ying Zhang
    • 1
  • Tian Hua
    • 1
  • Gang Tang
    • 1
  • Xiao-qian Peng
    • 1
  • Ming-hui Hao
    • 1
  • Qi-ting Zuo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Water Conservancy & EnvironmentZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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