Dissipation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soil amended with sewage sludge and sludge compost
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In this study, greenhouse experiments were conducted under the condition of different amendment ratios and planting tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea). The amendment ratios of sewage sludge or sludge compost to soil were of 0, 10, 25, and 50% (w/w). The removal rates of PAH, catalase, and dehydrogenase activities of amended soil and accumulation of PAHs by vegetation were detected to investigate the differences of PAH dissipation in sludge-amended and compost-amended soils. The initial PAH concentrations in three amended soils increased with the more addition of sludge or compost. After 126-day experiment, maximum PAH removal rates were observed in sludge-amended and compost-amended soils with PAH concentration of about 200 μg kg−1. And the removal of PAHs showed better efficiencies in compost soil rather than in sludge soil. The more catalase activity and dehydrogenase activity of soil were obtained, respectively, in sludge soil and compost soil. The results indicated that the mechanism of PAH dissipation in two types of amended soils were different. The abundant amount of microorganism dominated PAH dissipation in sludge soils, and PAHs dissipated mainly caused of intense activity of microorganism in compost soils. In addition, PAH accumulation in tall fescue suggested that the transference approach of PAHs was from soil to the roots, and then accumulated in the shoots of tall fescue. It was prone to store up more PAHs in vegetation in the condition of high molar weight of PAHs, more biomass of vegetation, and heavy PAH concentration in soil.
KeywordsPolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) Sewage sludge Sludge compost Soil catalase activity Soil dehydrogenase activity Tall fescue
This work was supported by the Basic Research Project of Guizhou province (Qian Sci. Co. Basic, 1123), the Science and Technology Cooperation Project of Guizhou province (Qian Sci. Co. LH 7215), the Doctoral Research Project in 2014 of Guizhou Normal University, and the Key Project of Science and Technology Foundation, Guizhou Province (Qian Sci. Co. JZ, , No. 2012).
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