Development of novel sericin and alginate-based biosorbents for precious metal removal from wastewater
In this study, two novel low water-soluble sericin and alginate-based biosorbents were successfully developed for precious metal removal from wastewater: sericin and alginate particles chemically crosslinked by proantocyanidins (SAPAs) and sericin, alginate and polyvinyl alcohol particles (SAPVA). The proportions of proantocynidins (PAs) or polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) added to sericin (2.5% w/v) and alginate (2.0% w/v) blend were 0.5, 1.5, 2.5 and 3.5% w/v. Among these concentrations, particles produced with 0.5% w/v of PVA or 2.5% w/v of PAs presented the lowest water solubility percentages (3.74 ± 0.05 and 3.56 ± 0.21%, respectively) and the following metallic affinity order: AuCl4− > PdCl42− > PtCl62− > Ag+. Then, gold biosorption kinetics by SAPAs was evaluated at three gold initial concentrations (72.88, 187.12, and 273.79 mg/L), and its performance was compared to activated carbon adsorbent uptake. The data modeling revealed that the process follows pseudo-first-order kinetics and is mainly controlled by external diffusion. SAPAs before and after gold biosorption (SAPAs-gold) were characterized by scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, optical microscopy, helium pycnometry, mercury porosimetry, N2 physisorption, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy.
KeywordsBiosorption Precious metals Sericin and alginate Gold adsorption Proanthocyanidins Polyvinyl alcohol
The authors would like to acknowledge Bratac Silk Mills Company for Bombyx mori silkworm cocoon donation.
This work was financed by the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), Grant # 2017/18236-1.
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