Adsorption-desorption of hydrophilic contaminants rhodamine B with/without Cd2+ on a coastal soil: implications for mariculture and seafood safety
An experimental study on adsorption and desorption behaviors of rhodamine B (RhB) with/without cadmium ion (Cd2+) on a coastal soil was carried out in the face of the scarce studies on its environmental behaviors, especially its combined pollution with metal ions. The implications on mariculture and seafood safety, rarely concerned either, were also analyzed for providing a new insight between azo dyes and them. It showed that the adsorption of RhB on the tested soil was affected by Cd2+ and could be better fitted by the Freundlich model and dominantly identified as chemical adsorption according to the threshold of ΔG0 (40 kJ/mol). There is a positive hysteresis on the desorption of RhB, which was generally strengthened with the increasing concentration of RhB but generally weakened in the presence of Cd2+. The azo dyes including RhB and heavy metals such as Cd, as the major class of typical pollutants in coastal environment, are closely related to the mariculture and seafood safety. In the consideration of three aspects including potential pollutants for the mariculture, potential risks for seafood safety, and potential relationships between dyes and mariculture and seafood safety, their implications were further clarified.
KeywordsRhodamine B Cadmium Sorption behavior Soil Mariculture Seafood safety
We would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers of our manuscript.
This study is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China as a general project (grant no. 21677080), special funds for basic scientific research services of central colleges and universities, and the 111 program (T2017002).
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