Advertisement

Nutrients and non-essential elements in edible crops following long-term mineral and compost fertilization of a Mediterranean agricultural soil

  • Daniela Baldantoni
  • Giovanni Saviello
  • Anna Alfani
Advances & Prospects in the field of Waste Management
  • 63 Downloads

Abstract

The effects of long-term soil fertilizations on nutrient and non-essential element concentrations in edible parts of three crops important in human diet were investigated repeating four treatments (biowaste compost, biowaste compost plus mineral nitrogen, mineral NPK, unfertilized control) for seven consecutive years (2007–2014). Fruits of Solanum lycopersicum cv San Marzano collected in 2011 and 2012, bulbs of Allium cepa cv Bianca di Pompei collected in 2012 and 2013, and bulbs of Foeniculum vulgare cv Orbit collected in 2014 were analyzed. Wide variations in element concentrations were observed along time and among species, with Ca, K, Mg, and Na higher in fennel bulbs and Cd, Cr, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn higher in tomato fruits, where Cd reached concentrations up to ninefold higher than the permitted values (EU Regulation n. 488/2014). Despite the enrichments in soil total Cu and available Cd, Fe, K, Mn, and Zn concentrations due to long-term fertilization with biowaste compost (alone or with mineral fertilizers), plants showed lower micronutrient and non-essential element concentrations in respect to those on unfertilized soils. Considering the potential toxicity for human beings of these mobile and persistent elements, the obtained findings reassure on the safe use of biowaste compost in agriculture. Overall, this study suggests the use of compost as the most advisable fertilization practice and highlights the need of multiple crops analysis in evaluating the effects of long-term soil fertilization on their chemical composition.

Keywords

Organic and inorganic fertilizers Crop quality Chemical element concentrations Solanum lycopersicum cv San Marzano Allium cepa cv Bianca di Pompei Foeniculum vulgare cv Orbit 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are obliged to Dr. Luigi Morra and to the entire staff of CREA (Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia agraria—Unità di ricerca per le Colture Alternative al Tabacco) of Scafati (Italy) for the management of long-term field trials.

Funding information

The research was funded by University of Salerno (Italy).

Compliance with ethical standards

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. All the authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

References

  1. Açıkgöz MA, Kara ŞM, Aruç C, Ay E (2017) Morphogenetic, ontogenetic and diurnal variability in antimicrobial activity of bitter fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Miller var. vulgare) essential oil. Indian J Pharm Educ Res 51(3):S190–S194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adams MA (1991) FDA total diet study: dietary intakes of lead and other chemicals. Chem Spec Bioavailab 3:37–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aguilera E, Lassaletta L, Gattinger A, Gimeno BS (2013) Managing soil carbon for climate change mitigation and adaptation in Mediterranean cropping systems: a meta-analysis. Agric Ecosyst Environ 168:25–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Al-Fraihat AH (2016) Impact of different fertilizer sources on vegetative growth, yield, quality and storability of onion. International invention. J Agric Soil Sci 4(1):1–8Google Scholar
  5. Alipoor F, Alizadeh K, Arshad M (2016) The impact of fertilization on morphological characteristics of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill). Stem Cell 7(2):1–8Google Scholar
  6. Babajide PA, Olabode OS, Akanbi WB, Olatunji OO, Ewetola EA (2008) Influence of composted Tithonia-biomass and N-mineral fertilizer on soil physico-chemical properties and performance of tomato (Lycopersican lycopersicum). Res J Agron 2(4):101–106Google Scholar
  7. Badgujar SB, Patel VV, Bandivdekar AH (2014) Foeniculum vulgare Mill: a review of its botany, phytochemistry, pharmacology, contemporary application, and toxicology. BioMed Res Int article ID 842674. 32 pagesGoogle Scholar
  8. Baldantoni D, Bellino A, Morra L, Alfani A (2015) Compost amendment enhances natural revegetation of a Mediterranean degraded agricultural soil. Environ Manag 56:946–956CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Baldantoni D, Bellino A, Alfani A (2016a) Soil compost amendment enhances tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) quality. J Sci Food Agric 96:4082–4088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Baldantoni D, Morra L, Saviello G, Alfani A (2016b) Nutrient and toxic element soil concentrations during repeated mineral and compost fertilization treatments in a Mediterranean agricultural soil. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:25169–25179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Baldantoni D, Morra L, Zaccardelli M, Alfani A (2016c) Cadmium accumulation in leaves of leafy vegetables. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 123:89–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Barker AV, Pilbeam DJ (2015) Handbook of plant nutrition, 2nd edn. CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  13. Bellino A, Baldantoni D, De Nicola F, Iovieno P, Zaccardelli M, Alfani A (2015) Compost amendments in agricultural ecosystems: confirmatory path analysis to clarify the effects on soil chemical and biological properties. J Agric Sci 153:282–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bettoni MM, Mogor ÁF, Pauletti V, Goicoechea N, Aranjuelo I, Garmendia I (2016) Nutritional quality and yield of onion as affected by different application methods and doses of humic substances. J Food Compos Anal 51:37–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Core Team R (2018) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  16. Dudka S, Miller WP (1999) Accumulation of potentially toxic elements in plants and their transfer to human food chain. J Environ Sci Health B 34(4):681–708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Elhasan MMAA, Abdalla IF, Ibrahim AAA (2015) Economics of onion production under cooperative and private schemes in Khartoum North, Sudan. NAF International Working Paper Series n. 15/05Google Scholar
  18. Erba D, Casiraghi MC, Ribas A, Cáceres R, Marfà O, Castellari M (2013) Nutritional value of tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum L.) grown in greenhouse by different agronomic techniques. J Food Compos Anal 31(2):245–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Friendly M, Fox J (2016) Candisc: visualizing generalized canonical discriminant and canonical correlation analysis. R package version 0.7–2Google Scholar
  20. Gaskell M, Fouche B, Koike S, Lanini T, Mitchell J, Smith R (2000) Organic vegetable production in California - science and practice. HortTechnology 10(4):699–713Google Scholar
  21. Greger M (2004) Metal availability, uptake, transport and accumulation in plants. In: Prasad MNV (ed) Heavy metal stress in plants. From biomolecules to ecosystems, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin, pp 1–27Google Scholar
  22. Gupta UC, Gupta SC (1998) Trace element toxicity relationships to crop production and livestock and human health: implications for management. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 29(11–14):1491–1522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hernández Suárez M, Rodríguez Rodríguez EM, Díaz Romero C (2007) Mineral and trace element concentrations in cultivars of tomatoes. Food Chem 104:489–499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. IARC (2012) Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risk to humans, vol 58, 100C. International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon Google Scholar
  25. Jiao W, Chen W, Chang AC, Page AL (2012) Environmental risks of trace elements associated with long-term phosphate fertilizers applications: a review. Environ Pollut 168:44–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kapoulas N, Ilić ZS, Milenković L, Mirecki N (2013) Effects of organic and conventional cultivation methods on mineral content and taste parameters in tomato fruit. Agric For 59(3):23–34Google Scholar
  27. Kononova MM (2013) Soil organic matter: its nature, its role in soil formation and in soil fertility. Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  28. Legislative Decree 75/2010 Riordino e revisione della disciplina in materia di fertilizzanti, a norma dell’articolo 13 della legge 7 luglio 2009, n. 88. Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 121 del 26 Maggio 2010Google Scholar
  29. Liguori L, Califano R, Albanese D, Raimo F, Crescitelli A, Di Matteo M (2017) Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of five white onion (Allium cepa L.) landraces. J Food Qual article ID 6873651:9 pagesGoogle Scholar
  30. Liñero O, Cidad M, Carrero JA, Nguyen C, de Diego A (2015) Accumulation and translocation of essential and nonessential elements by tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum) cultivated in open-air plots under organic or conventional farming techniques. J Agric Food Chem 63:9461–9470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mantovi P, Baldoni G, Toderi G (2005) Reuse of liquid, dewatered, and composted sewage sludge on agricultural land: effects of long-term application on soil and crop. Water Res 39:289–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. McBride MB (1995) Toxic metal accumulation from agricultural use of sludge: are USEPA regulations protective? J Environ Qual 24:5–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mench MJ (1998) Cadmium availability to plants in relation to major long-term changes in agronomy systems. Agric Ecosyst Environ 67:175–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. NIST (2004) Certification of NIST Standard Reference Material 1575a pine needles and results of an international laboratory comparison. NIST Special Publication 260–156. NIST, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  35. Opara LU (2003) Onions: post-harvest operation. In: Mejía D (ed). AGST/FAO, Palmerston North, pp 1–16Google Scholar
  36. Ozores-Hampton M, Stansly PA, Obreza TA (2005) Heavy metal accumulation in a sandy soil and in pepper fruit following long-term application of organic amendments. Compost Sci Util 13(1):60–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Parras-Alcántara L, Lozano-García B (2014) Conventional tillage versus organic farming in relation to soil organic carbon stock in olive groves in Mediterranean rangelands (southern Spain). Solid Earth 5:299–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pire R, Ramírez H, Riera J, Gómez N (2001) Removal of N, P, K and Ca by an onion crop (Allium cepa L.) in a silty-clay soil, in a semiarid region of Venezuela. In: Armstrong J (ed.) proc. II IS edible Alliaceae ISHS. Acta Hortic 555:103–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Prasad MNV (2008) Trace elements as contaminants and nutrients: consequences in ecosystems and human health. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., HobokenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Regolamento UE n. 488/2014 della Commissione del 12 maggio 2014 che modifica il regolamento (CE) n. 1881/2006 per quanto concerne i tenori massimi di cadmio nei prodotti alimentari. Gazzetta Ufficiale dell’Unione Europea 13.5.2014Google Scholar
  41. Regolamento UE n. 1005/2015 della Commissione del 25 giugno 2015 che modifica il regolamento (CE) n. 1881/2006 per quanto concerne i tenori massimi di piombo in taluni prodotti alimentari. Gazzetta Ufficiale dell’Unione Europea 26.6.2015Google Scholar
  42. Rengel Z, Batten GD, Crowley DE (1999) Agronomic approaches for improving the micronutrient density in edible portions of field crops. Field Crops Res 60:27–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Salama ZA, El Baz FK, Gaafar AA, Fathy Zaki M (2015) Antioxidant activities of phenolics, flavonoids and vitamin C in two cultivars of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) in responses to organic and bio-organic fertilizers. J Saudi Soc Agric Sci 14:91–99Google Scholar
  44. Sekara A, Pokluda R, Del Vacchio L, Somma S, Caruso G (2017) Interactions among genotype, environment and agronomic practices on production and quality of storage onion (Allium cepa L.) - a review. Hortic Sci 44(1):21–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Seran TH, Srikrishnah S, Ahamed MMZ (2010) Effect of different levels of inorganic fertilizers and compost as basal application on the growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa L.). J Agric Sci 5(2):64–70Google Scholar
  46. Stasinos S, Nasopoulou C, Tsikrika C, Zabetakis I (2014) The bioaccumulation and physiological effects of heavy metals in carrots, onions, and potatoes and dietary implications for Cr and Ni: a review. J Food Sci 79(5):R765–R780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. WRB-FAO (2014) World Reference Base for soil resources. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World soil resources reports no. 106. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  48. Zardak SG, Dehnavi MM, Salehi A, Gholamhoseini M (2017) Responses of field grown fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) to different mycorrhiza species under varying intensities of drought stress. J Appl Res Med Aromat Plants 5:16–25Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Chimica e Biologia “Adolfo Zambelli”Università degli Studi di SalernoFiscianoItaly

Personalised recommendations