Toxicity responses of bacterial community as a biological indicator after repeated exposure to lead (Pb) in the presence of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE209)
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Continuous exposure of chemicals could cause various environmental impacts. Decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE209) and lead (Pb) can co-exist and are discharged simultaneously at e-waste recycling sites (EWRSs). Extensive concerns have been attracted by their toxic effects on soil microorganisms. Thus, by using high-throughput sequencing, this study explored bacterial community responses in a soil system after repeated Pb exposure in the presence of BDE209 in the laboratory during 90-day indoor incubation period. Gene sequencing of 16S rDNA performed on an Illumina MiSeq platform proved that one-off Pb exposure caused higher microbial abundance and community diversity. Additionally, both repetitive Pb treatment and exogenous BDE209 input could change bacterial community composition. Twenty-three different bacterial phyla were detected in the soil samples, while more than 90% of the sequences in each treatment belonged to a narrow variety. The sequence analyses elucidated that Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, and Bacteroidetes were the top three dominant phyla. Our observations could provide a few insights into the ecological risks of Pb and BDE209 co-existed contamination in soils at EWRSs.
KeywordsPb BDE209 Repeated exposure Soil microorganism Bacterial community
The research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41877124, 21737005, 51708223) and the Science and Technology Committee Research Program of Shanghai (17DZ1202304, 18DZ1204403).
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