Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 4277–4287 | Cite as

Synthesis of coal fly ash zeolite for the catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of Orange II

  • Herney RamírezEmail author
  • María Margarita Guerra Núñez
  • Anamaria Barrera Bogoya
  • Daniel Fernando Blanco Gomez
  • Cinthia Ramos
  • Carla di Luca
  • Natalia Inchaurrondo
  • Patricia Haure
Advanced Oxidation Technologies: State-of-the-Art in Ibero-American Countries


Fly ash, a coal combustion residue produced by Termotasajero in Colombia, has been hydrothermally treated after an alkaline fusion to produce zeolite without addition of silicon or aluminum. The starting material was thoroughly mixed with NaOH, in a 1:1.2 mass ratio, to obtain a homogeneous mixture that was heated to 100 °C during different times (6, 8, and 10 h) and three zeolite samples were produced. The samples were characterized by XRD, SEM, XRF, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and N2 physisorption. According to characterization results (high surface area and appropriate morphological properties including crystallinity) and synthesis time, zeolitic catalyst synthesized with 8 h of hydrothermal treatment was selected to perform further analysis. This sample consisted of a mixture of zeolite X and zeolite A of high surface area (301 m2 g−1) and a Fe content of 6% wt/wt. The zeolite was used as a catalyst for the Fenton oxidation of Orange II. Experiments were performed in a laboratory batch reactor at 70 °C and constant pH = 3, using different concentrations of H2O2. When the stoichiometric amount of H2O2 was used, good mineralization (XTOC = 45%), complete discoloration, and oxidant consumption were obtained after 240 min of reaction. The sample retained activity after 16 h of usage. The presence of Fe in the reaction media was always detected and a homogeneous Fenton mechanism induced by surface-leached iron is suggested.


Fly ash Zeolite Geo-catalyst Fenton reaction Orange II Mineralization Discoloration 



The Argentinian authors want to express their gratitude to Ms. Carmen Rodriguez for the execution of experiments.

Funding information

This study received financial support from CONICET (Argentina) and AUIP (Spain).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herney Ramírez
    • 1
    Email author
  • María Margarita Guerra Núñez
    • 1
  • Anamaria Barrera Bogoya
    • 1
  • Daniel Fernando Blanco Gomez
    • 1
  • Cinthia Ramos
    • 2
  • Carla di Luca
    • 3
  • Natalia Inchaurrondo
    • 3
  • Patricia Haure
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de Ingeniería Química y AmbientalUniversidad Nacional de ColombiaBogotáColombia
  2. 2.Departamento de Física de la Materia CondensadaGiyA-CAC-CNEABuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Departamento de Ingeniería Química - División Catalizadores y SuperficiesINTEMA-CONICET/Universidad de Mar de PlataMar del PlataArgentina

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