Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 33, pp 33309–33321 | Cite as

The application of molecularly imprinted polymers in passive sampling for selective sampling perfluorooctanesulfonic acid and perfluorooctanoic acid in water environment

  • Fengmei Cao
  • Lei Wang
  • Xinhao Ren
  • Fengchang Wu
  • Hongwen Sun
  • Shaoyong LuEmail author
Research Article


Modeling and predicting of a novel polar organic chemical integrative sampler (POCIS) for sampling of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) using molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) as receiving phase are presented in this study. Laboratory microcosm experiments were conducted to investigate the uptake kinetics, effects of flow velocity, pH, and dissolved organic matter (DOM), and also the selectivity of the POCIS. In this study, uptake study of PFOA and PFOS sampling on MIP-POCIS, over 14 days, was investigated. Laboratory calibrations of MIP-POCIS yielded sampling rate (Rs) values for PFOA and PFOS were 0.387 and 0.229 L/d, higher than POCIS using commercial sorbent WAX as receiving phase (0.133 and 0.141 L/d for PFOA and PFOS, respectively) in quiescent condition. The Rs values for PFOA and PFOS sampling on MIP-POCIS were increased to 0.591 and 0.281 L/d in stirred condition (0.01 m/s), and no significant increase occurred when the flow velocity was further increased. The Rs values were kept relatively high in the solution of which the pH was lower than the isoelectric point (IEP) of MIP-sorbent and decreased when the solution pH was extend the IEP value. Under the experimental conditions, DOM seemed to slightly facilitate the Rs values of PFOA and PFOS in MIP-POCIS. The results showed that the interaction between the target compounds and the receiving phase was fully integrated by the imprinting effects and also the electrostatic interaction. Finally, comparing the sampling rate of WAX-POCIS and the MIP-POCIS, the MIP-POCIS offers promising perspectives for selective sampling ability for PFOA and PFOS.


POCIS Molecularly imprinted polymers Sampling rate Selective sampling Typical perfluoroalkyl substance 


Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41807393, 41573097, and 417223044) and Ministry of Science and Technology of China (No.2015FY110900). This work is also supported by the State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fengmei Cao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lei Wang
    • 2
  • Xinhao Ren
    • 3
  • Fengchang Wu
    • 1
  • Hongwen Sun
    • 2
    • 4
  • Shaoyong Lu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory for Lake Pollution ControlChinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBejingChina
  2. 2.Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Pollution Processes and Environmental Criteria, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Environmental Remediation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Science and EngineeringNankai UniversityTianjinChina
  3. 3.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringShanxi University of Science and TechnologyXi’anChina
  4. 4.TianjinChina

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