Fabrication of manganese-based Zr-Fe polymeric pillared interlayered montmorillonite for low-temperature selective catalytic reduction of NOx by NH3 in the metallurgical sintering flue gas
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A series of Zr-Fe (Zr/Fe = 4:0, 3:1, 2:2, 1:3, 0:4) polymeric pillared interlayered montmorillonite loading 10 wt.% MnOx (Mn/Zr-Fe-PILM) were investigated for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx by NH3 (NH3-SCR) in metallurgical sintering flue gas. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm, scanning electron microscope (SEM), and ammonia temperature-programmed desorption (NH3-TPD) were used to analyze the physicochemical property. The Fe polymerized with Zr exchanged to montmorillonite can improve the Mn/Zr-Fe-PILM low-temperature NOx conversion and N2 selectivity. The Mn/Zr-Fe-PILM (1:3) shows the highest NOx conversion between 140 and 180 °C. The XRD results suggest that the growth of crystalline ZrO2 phase is intensely restrained for the Fe2O3 migration into the ZrO2 lattice. The ZrO2 and MnOx have an excellent dispersion in montmorillonite. The N2 adsorption result illustrates that the increase of Fe molar content in the Zr-Fe-PILM support increases the catalyst-specific surface area. The NH3-TPD results elucidate that the Mn/Zr-Fe-PILM (1:3) has the most total acid sites. Therefore, the low-temperature catalytic activity of the Mn/Zr-Fe-PILM (1:3) has been assigned to the large specific surface area, abundant acid sites, and the dispersion of metallic oxides.
KeywordsNH3-SCR Mn/Zr-Fe-PILM Zr/Fe mole ratio Low-temperature activity Metallurgical sintering flue gas
This research was supported by the National Key Research and Development of China (2017YFB0603603) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (51576035).
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