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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 31, pp 31149–31164 | Cite as

Physiological characterization of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under abiotic stresses for breeding purposes

  • Anna Cristina Lanna
  • Renato Adolfo Silva
  • Tatiana Maris Ferraresi
  • João Antônio Mendonça
  • Gesimária Ribeiro Costa Coelho
  • Alécio Souza Moreira
  • Paula Arielle Mendes Ribeiro Valdisser
  • Claudio Brondani
  • Rosana Pereira Vianello
Research Article
  • 48 Downloads

Abstract

In the Brazilian wet and dry seasons, common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are grown under rainfed conditions with unexpected episodes of drought and high temperatures. The objective of this study was to evaluate the physiological mechanisms associated with drought adaptation traits in landraces and line/cultivars of beans from the Andean and Mesoamerican gene pools. Twenty-five genotypes, contrasting in terms of drought tolerance, were evaluated in a phenotyping platform under irrigated and rainfed conditions. Agronomic and physiological parameters such as grain yield, shoot structures, gas exchange, water potential, and osmotic adjustment were evaluated. The stress intensity was estimated to be 0.57, and the grain yield reduction ranged from 22 to 89%. Seven accessions, representative of the Andean and Mesoamerican germplasm (CF 200012, CF 240056, CF 250002, CF 900004, CNF 4497, CNF 7382, and SEA 5), presented superior performance in grain yield with and without stresses. The physiological responses under abiotic stresses were highly variable among the genotypes, and two Mesoamerican accessions (CF 200012 and SEA 5) showed more favorable adaptive responses. As the main secondary physiological traits, gas exchange and osmotic adjustment should be evaluated together with the grain yield to increase the selection efficiency of abiotic stresses-tolerant common bean lines.

Keywords

Drought High temperature Grain yield Water status Gas exchange 

Notes

Funding information

This research received financial support from the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA - 02.12.12.005.00.00).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_3012_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (170 kb)
Supplementary Table 1 (PDF 170 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Cristina Lanna
    • 1
  • Renato Adolfo Silva
    • 2
  • Tatiana Maris Ferraresi
    • 1
  • João Antônio Mendonça
    • 1
  • Gesimária Ribeiro Costa Coelho
    • 1
  • Alécio Souza Moreira
    • 3
  • Paula Arielle Mendes Ribeiro Valdisser
    • 1
  • Claudio Brondani
    • 1
  • Rosana Pereira Vianello
    • 1
  1. 1.Embrapa Rice and BeansSanto Antônio de GoiásBrazil
  2. 2.Limagrain Brazil S. AGoiâniaBrazil
  3. 3.Embrapa Cassava and Fruticulture/Araraquara Advanced FieldAraraquaraBrazil

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