Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 31, pp 30962–30978 | Cite as

Adsorption of cadmium, nickel and lead ions: equilibrium, kinetic and selectivity studies on modified clinoptilolites from the USA and RSA

  • Joshua Gorimbo
  • Blessing Taenzana
  • Adolph A Muleja
  • Alex T Kuvarega
  • Linda L Jewell
Research Article
  • 107 Downloads

Abstract

The performance of modified clinoptilolites (zeolites) from two different sources (South Africa and the USA) for the adsorption of Ni2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ from synthetic industrial effluent contaminated with metal concentration levels at 50, 150 and 500 ppm was evaluated. The selectivity of the clinoptilolite for the adsorption of Ni2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ was investigated with mixed feed solutions containing all three ions in equal concentrations and single-component concentrations containing only one of the ions. The homoionic forms of the clinoptilolite were made of Na+, K+ and Ca2+. Batch experiments were then conducted to measure the uptake of metals by the zeolites. The zeolites were characterised using SEM, XRD and BET. The South African clinoptilolite showed a higher surface area and pore volume (17.52m2/g and 0.047cm3/g respectively) than the USA zeolite (12.26m2/g and 0.028cm3/g respectively) for the Na+ homoionic form. According to the equilibrium studies, the selectivity sequence was found to be Pb2+ > Cd2+ > Ni2+, with good fits being obtained using Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms for low metal concentrations. Examples of equilibrium adsorption capacities for RSA and USA clinoptilolite modified with Na+ for Pb were 26.94 mg/g and 27.06 mg/g when RSA-Na+ and USA-Na+ were used respectively. The adsorption was found to depend on the homoionic form of the zeolite and to a lesser extent the source of the zeolite. The selectivity of a particular zeolite for a particular heavy metal can be altered by the homoionic form of the zeolite. Overall, the adsorption capacity of the USA clinoptilolite was higher than the adsorption capacity of the SA clinoptilolite, revealing the potential of clinoptilolite in metal-polluted industrial effluent treatment.

Keywords

Modified clinoptilolites Adsorption Equilibrium Kinetic Selectivity Heavy metals 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project received financial support from the University of South Africa, University of the Witwatersrand and NRF South Africa.

References

  1. Adolph MA, Xavier YM, Kriveshini P, Rui K (2012) Phosphine functionalised multiwalled carbon nanotubes: a new adsorbent for the removal of nickel from aqueous solution. J Environ Sci 24(6):1133–1141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alloway BJ, Ayres DC (1998) Chemical principles of environmental pollution, BJ Alloway and DC Ayres. Water Air Soil Pollut 102(1–2):216–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alvarez-Ayuso E, Garcıa-Sánchez A, Querol X (2003) Purification of metal electroplating waste waters using zeolites. Water Res 37(20):4855–4862CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Argun ME (2008) Use of clinoptilolite for the removal of nickel ions from water: kinetics and thermodynamics. J Hazard Mater 150(3):587–595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Arshad MN, Sheikh TA, Rahman MM, Asiri AM, Marwani HM, Awual MR (2017) Fabrication of cadmium ionic sensor based on (E)-4-methyl-N′-(1-(pyridin-2-yl) ethylidene) benzenesulfonohydrazide (MPEBSH) by electrochemical approach. J Organomet Chem 827:49–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Atkins PW (1988) Physical chemistry, 3rd edn. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  7. Awual MR (2016) Assessing of lead (III) capturing from contaminated wastewater using ligand doped conjugate adsorbent. Chem Eng J 289:65–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Awual MR, Hasan MM, Shahat A (2014) Functionalized novel mesoporous adsorbent for selective lead (II) ions monitoring and removal from wastewater. Sensors Actuators B Chem 203:854–863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Alwual MR et al. (2018) Efficient detection and adsorption of Cadmium(11) ions using innovative nanocomposite materials. Chem Eng J 343:118–127Google Scholar
  10. Colella C (1996) Ion exchange equilibria in zeolite minerals. Mineral Deposita 31(6):554–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Çoruh S (2008) The removal of zinc ions by natural and conditioned clinoptilolites. Desalination 225(1–3):41–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ćurković L, Cerjan-Stefanović Š, Filipan T (1997) Metal ion exchange by natural and modified zeolites. Water Res 31(6):1379–1382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Delkash M, Bakhshayesh BE, Kazemian H (2015) Using zeolitic adsorbents to cleanup special wastewater streams: a review. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 214:224–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Erdem E, Karapinar N, Donat R (2004) The removal of heavy metal cations by natural zeolites. J Colloid Interface Sci 280(2):309–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Faghihian H, Marageh MG, Kazemian H (1999) The use of clinoptilolite and its sodium form for removal of radioactive cesium, and strontium from nuclear wastewater and Pb2+, Ni2+, Cd2+, Ba2+ from municipal wastewater. Appl Radiat Isot 50(4):655–660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Febrianto J, Kosasih AN, Sunarso J, Ju YH, Indraswati N, Ismadji S (2009) Equilibrium and kinetic studies in adsorption of heavy metals using biosorbent: a summary of recent studies. J Hazard Mater 162(2–3):616–645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Giles CH, Smith D, Huitson A (1974) A general treatment and classification of the solute adsorption isotherm. I. Theoretical. J Colloid Interface Sci 47(3):755–765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Godt J, Scheidig F, Grosse-Siestrup C, Esche V, Brandenburg P, Reich A, Groneberg DA (2006) The toxicity of cadmium and resulting hazards for human health. J Occup Med Toxicol 1(1):22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Günay A, Arslankaya E, Tosun I (2007) Lead removal from aqueous solution by natural and pretreated clinoptilolite: adsorption equilibrium and kinetics. J Hazard Mater 146(1–2):362–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Inglezakis VJ, Loizidou MM, Grigoropoulou HP (2004) Ion exchange studies on natural and modified zeolites and the concept of exchange site accessibility. J Colloid Interface Sci 275(2):570–576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) (1997) IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. In: Chromium, Nickel and Welding. World Health Organization, LyonGoogle Scholar
  22. Jeon C (2018) Adsorption behavior of cadmium ions from aqueous solution using pen shells. Ind Eng Chem Res 58:57–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jewell LL, Kapanji KK Using the molecular sieving properties of clinoptilolite to tailor selectivity for heavy metals removal: a comparison of zeolites from South African and the USA, South African Chemical Engineering Congress, 20–23, September 2009, Somerset Wets, ISBN 978-1-920355-22-0Google Scholar
  24. Kapanji KK (2009) Dissertation (MSc), University of Witwatersrand, 59Google Scholar
  25. Kennedy DA, Tezel FH (2018) Cation exchange modification of clinoptilolite–screening analysis for potential equilibrium and kinetic adsorption separations involving methane, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 262:235–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Korkuna O, Leboda R, Skubiszewska-Zie BJ, Vrublevs’Ka T, Gun’Ko VM, Ryczkowski J (2006) Structural and physicochemical properties of natural zeolites: clinoptilolite and mordenite. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 87(3):243–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Leofanti G, Padovan M, Tozzola G, Venturelli B (1998) Surface area and pore texture of catalysts. Catal Today 41(1–3):207–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Marcus Y (1991) Thermodynamics of solvation of ions. Part 5.—Gibbs free energy of hydration at 298.15 K. J Chem Soc Faraday Trans 87(18):2995–2999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Medvidović NV, Perić J, Trgo M (2006) Column performance in lead removal from aqueous solutions by fixed bed of natural zeolite–clinoptilolite. Sep Purif Technol 49(3):237–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Misaelides P (2011) Application of natural zeolites in environmental remediation: a short review. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 144(1–3):15–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mondale KD, Carland RM, Aplan FF (1995) The comparative ion exchange capacities of natural sedimentary and synthetic zeolites. Miner Eng 8(4–5):535–548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Motsi T, Rowson NA, Simmons MJH (2009) Adsorption of heavy metals from acid mine drainage by natural zeolite. Int J Miner Process 92(1–2):42–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ouki SK, Kavannagh M (1997) Performance of natural zeolites for the treatment of mixed metal-contaminated effluents. Waste Manag Res 15(4):383–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Öztaş NA, Karabakan A, Topal Ö (2008) Removal of Fe (III) ion from aqueous solution by adsorption on raw and treated clinoptilolite samples. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 111(1–3):200–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Panayotova M, Velikov B (2003) Influence of zeolite transformation in a homoionic form on the removal of some heavy metal ions from wastewater. J Environ Sci Health A 38(3):545–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Perić J, Trgo M, Medvidović NV (2004) Removal of zinc, copper and lead by natural zeolite—a comparison of adsorption isotherms. Water Res 38(7):1893–1899CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pitcher SK, Slade RCT, Ward NI (2004) Heavy metal removal from motorway stormwater using zeolites. Sci Total Environ 334:161–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Rodríguez-Iznaga I, Rodríguez-Fuentes G, Petranovskii V (2018) Ammonium modified natural clinoptilolite to remove manganese, cobalt and nickel ions from wastewater: favorable conditions to the modification and selectivity to the cations. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 255:200–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Semmens MJ, Martin WP (1988) The influence of pretreatment on the capacity and selectivity of clinoptilolite for metal ions. Water Res 22(5):537–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Shahat A, Awual MR, Khaleque MA, Alam MZ, Naushad M, Chowdhury AS (2015) Large-pore diameter nano-adsorbent and its application for rapid lead (II) detection and removal from aqueous media. Chem Eng J 273:286–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Shahat A, Hassan MAH, Azzary HME, El-Sharkawy EA, Abdou HM, Awual MR (2018) Novel hierarchical composite adsorbent for selective lead(11) ions capturing from wastewaterr samples. Chem Eng J 332: 377–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Silbergeld EK, Waalkes M, Rice JM (2000) Lead as a carcinogen: experimental evidence and mechanisms of action. Am J Ind Med 38(3):316–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sprynskyy M, Buszewski B, Terzyk AP, Namieśnik J (2006) Study of the selection mechanism of heavy metal (Pb2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, and Cd2+) adsorption on clinoptilolite. J Colloid Interface Sci 304(1):21–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Teutli-Sequeira A, Solache-Ríos M, Olguín MT (2009) Influence of Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and NH4+ on the sorption behavior of Cd2+ from aqueous solutions by a Mexican zeolitic material. Hydrometallurgy 97(1–2):46–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Vasylechko VO, Gryshchouk GV, Zakordonskiy VP, Patsay IO, Vyviurska OA (2013) Sorption of terbium on Transcarpathian clinoptilolite. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 167:155–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wang S, Peng Y (2010) Natural zeolites as effective adsorbents in water and wastewater treatment. Chem Eng J 156(1):11–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Wingenfelder U, Hansen C, Furrer G, Schulin R (2005) Removal of heavy metals from mine waters by natural zeolites. Environ Sci Technol 39(12):4606–4613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Yu LJ, Shukla SS, Dorris KL, Shukla A, Margrave JL (2003) Adsorption of chromium from aqueous solutions by maple sawdust. J Hazard Mater 100(1–3):53–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zanin E, Scapinello J, de Oliveira M, Rambo CL, Franscescon F, Freitas L, de Mello JMM, Fiori MA, Oliveira JV, Dal Magro J (2017) Adsorption of heavy metals from wastewater graphic industry using clinoptilolite zeolite as adsorbent. Process Saf Environ Prot 105:194–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhu Z, Li A, Yan L, Liu F, Zhang Q (2007) Preparation and characterization of highly mesoporous spherical activated carbons from divinylbenzene-derived polymer by ZnCl2 activation. J Colloid Interface Sci 316(2):628–634CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for the Development of Energy for African Sustainability (IDEAS)University of South Africa (UNISA)JohannesburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Metallurgical EngineeringUniversity of the WitwatersrandWitsSouth Africa
  3. 3.Nanotechnology and Water Sustainability Research Unit, College of Science, Engineering and TechnologyUniversity of South Africa (UNISA)JohannesburgSouth Africa
  4. 4.Department of Civil and Chemical EngineeringUniversity of South Africa (UNISA)JohannesburgSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations