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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 29, pp 29325–29334 | Cite as

Crude oil removal from aqueous solution using raw and carbonized Xanthoceras sorbifolia shells

  • Linan Liu
  • Lihua WangEmail author
  • Wenhong Song
  • Liang Yang
  • Liming Yin
  • Shaopan Xia
  • Hailong Wang
  • Peter James Strong
  • Zhaoliang SongEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

Fruit shell residue from Xanthoceras sorbifolia was investigated as a potential biosorbent to remove crude oil from aqueous solution. The shell powder and its carbonized material were compared while assessing various factors that influenced oil removal capacity. The structure and sorption mechanism were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The oil removal capacity of the raw material (75.1 mg g−1) was better than the carbonized material (49.5 mg g−1). The oil removal capacity increased with greater saponin content, indicating that hydrophobic and lipophilic surface characteristics of the saponins improved adsorption by the raw X. sorbifolia shell. An orthogonal experimental design was used to optimize the adsorption. Using 4 g L−1 of raw X. sorbifolia shell (particle size of < 0.15 mm), the highest crude oil removal efficiency was obtained using an initial oil concentration of 400 mg L−1, adsorption temperature of 30 °C, adsorption time of 10 min at a shaking speed of 150 rpm. The adsorption of crude oil onto X. sorbifolia shell was best described using a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Raw X. sorbifolia shell material was more efficient than the carbonized material at crude oil removal from aqueous solution. This was attributable to the functional groups of saponins in raw X. sorbifolia shell. This study highlights that some agricultural and forest residues could be a promising source of low-cost biosorbents for oil contaminants from water—without requiring additional processing such as carbonization.

Keywords

Adsorption kinetics Biosorbents Oily wastewater Physical-chemistry adsorption Saponin 

Notes

Funding

The authors are grateful for the financial support provided by the National “Twelfth Five-Year” Plan for Science & Technology Support (2012BAD32B08) of China and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (2017A030311019).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_2895_MOESM1_ESM.docx (29 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 28 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linan Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lihua Wang
    • 2
    Email author
  • Wenhong Song
    • 2
  • Liang Yang
    • 3
  • Liming Yin
    • 2
  • Shaopan Xia
    • 1
  • Hailong Wang
    • 4
    • 5
  • Peter James Strong
    • 6
  • Zhaoliang Song
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Surface-Earth System ScienceTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Institute of Applied EcologyChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of Land and EnvironmentShenyang Agricultural UniversityShenyangChina
  4. 4.School of Environment and Chemical EngineeringFoshan UniversityFoshanChina
  5. 5.School of Environmental and Resource SciencesZhejiang A&F UniversityZhejiangChina
  6. 6.Queensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia

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