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Estimating short-term mortality and economic benefit attributable to PM10 exposure in China based on BenMAP

  • Li Chen
  • Jian Mao
  • Mengshuang Shi
  • Hui Zhang
  • Yanling Sun
  • Shuang Gao
  • Suhuan Li
  • Miyuan Li
  • Zhenxing Ma
  • Zhipeng Bai
Research Article
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

With the rapidly booming economy, China has been suffering from serious particulate matter (PM) pollution in recent years. In order to improve the air quality, Chinese government issued a new China National Ambient Air Quality Standard (No. GB3095-2012) in 2012. In this study, PM10 exposure level was simulated based on the data of 912 newly constructed monitoring sites and Voronoi Neighborhood Averaging (VNA) interpolation method. It is widely accepted that PM10 can cause short-term health effects. We calculated the short-term health benefit due to decreasing PM10 concentration to the levels of China National Ambient Air Quality Standard based on Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP). Our results indicated that if the daily average concentration of PM10 reduced to the daily Grade II standard (150 μg/m3), the avoided deaths for all cause, cardiovascular disease, and respiratory disease would be 82,000 (95%CI: 49,000–120,000), 56,000 (95%CI: 34,000–78,000), and 16,000 (95%CI: 10,000–22,000) in 2014, respectively. The economic benefits of avoiding deaths due to all cause for rolling back the concentration of PM10 to the level of 50 μg/m3 were estimated to be 240 billion CNY and 16 billion CNY using willingness to pay (WTP) and human capital (HC) methods, respectively, which accounted for 0.38% (95%CI: 0.11–0.64%) and 0.03% (95%CI: 0.02–0.03%) of the total annual gross domestic product (GDP) of China in 2014.

Keywords

PM10 BenMAP Health benefit Economic benefit China 

Notes

Funding

This study was funded by National key R&D program of China (Grant No. 2016YFC0201700), Nature Science Foundation of Tianjin (Grant No. 16JCQNJC08600), Chinese Academy of Sciences and Tianjin City cooperation project (Grant No. 16YFXTSF00330), Cultivation plan of young and middle-aged creative talent people in the universities of Tianjin, China, and Cultivation plan of excellent youth innovation team of Tianjin normal university, China.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Chen
    • 1
  • Jian Mao
    • 1
  • Mengshuang Shi
    • 1
  • Hui Zhang
    • 1
  • Yanling Sun
    • 1
  • Shuang Gao
    • 1
  • Suhuan Li
    • 1
  • Miyuan Li
    • 1
  • Zhenxing Ma
    • 1
  • Zhipeng Bai
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Geographic and Environmental SciencesTianjin Normal UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk AssessmentChinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingChina

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