Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 26, pp 26653–26668 | Cite as

Origins and discrimination between local and regional atmospheric pollution in Haiphong (Vietnam), based on metal(loid) concentrations and lead isotopic ratios in PM10

  • Sandrine ChiffletEmail author
  • David Amouroux
  • Sylvain Bérail
  • Julien Barre
  • Thuoc Chu Van
  • Oriol Baltrons
  • Justine Brune
  • Aurélie Dufour
  • Benjamin Guinot
  • Xavier Mari
Research Article


Southeast Asia is a hotspot of anthropogenic emissions where episodes of recurrent and prolonged atmospheric pollution can lead to the formation of large haze events, giving rise to wide plumes which spread over adjacent oceans and neighbouring countries. Trace metal concentrations and Pb isotopic ratios in atmospheric particulate matter < 10 μm (PM10) were used to track the origins and the transport pathways of atmospheric pollutants. This approach was used for fortnightly PM10 collections over a complete annual cycle in Haiphong, northern Vietnam. Distinct seasonal patterns were observed for the trace metal concentration in PM10, with a maximum during the Northeast (NE) monsoon and a minimum during the Southeast (SE) monsoon. Some elements (As, Cd, Mn) were found in excess according to the World Health Organization guidelines. Coal combustion was highlighted with enrichment factors of As, Cd, Se, and Sb, but these inputs were outdistanced by other anthropogenic activities. V/Ni and Cu/Sb ratios were found to be markers of oil combustion, while Pb/Cd and Zn/Pb ratios were found to be markers of industrial activities. Pb isotopic composition in PM10 revealed an important contribution of soil dusts (45–60%). In PM10, the Pb fraction due to oil combustion was correlated with dominant airflow pathways (31% during the north-easterlies and 20% during the south-easterlies), and the Pb fraction resulting from industrial emissions was stable (around 28%) throughout the year. During the SE monsoon, Pb inputs were mainly attributed to resuspension of local soil dusts (about 90%), and during the NE monsoon, the increase of Pb inPM10 was due to the mixing of local and regional inputs.


Air pollution Haiphong Enrichment factors Chemical balances Lead isotopes Anthropogenic sources Local and regional inputs 


Funding information

This work was supported by the French national programme EC2CO-Biohefect/Ecodyn/Dril/Microbien (Project SOOT), the French-Vietnamese Hubert Curien Partnership (contract no. 23971TK), and the Vietnamese Ministry of Science and Technology (contract no. 46/2012/HD-NDT). The project leading to this publication has received funding from European FEDER Fund under project 1166-39417.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_2722_MOESM1_ESM.docx (130 kb)
ESM1 (DOCX 130 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandrine Chifflet
    • 1
    Email author
  • David Amouroux
    • 2
  • Sylvain Bérail
    • 2
  • Julien Barre
    • 2
  • Thuoc Chu Van
    • 3
  • Oriol Baltrons
    • 2
  • Justine Brune
    • 4
  • Aurélie Dufour
    • 1
  • Benjamin Guinot
    • 5
  • Xavier Mari
    • 1
  1. 1.CNRS, IRD, MIO UM110Aix Marseille Université, Université de ToulonMarseilleFrance
  2. 2.CNRS/UNIV PAU & PAYS ADOUR, Institut des sciences analytiques et de physico-chimie pour l’environnement et les matériaux, UMR5264PauFrance
  3. 3.Institute of Marine Environment and Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)DanangVietnam
  4. 4.IRD, UMR 5119 ECOSYMUniversité Montpellier IIMontpellierFrance
  5. 5.Laboratoire d’Aérologie, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPSToulouseFrance

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