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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 26, pp 26470–26481 | Cite as

Concentrations of PCDD/Fs in the neighborhood of a hazardous waste incinerator: human health risks

  • Montse Marquès
  • Martí Nadal
  • Jordi Díaz-Ferrero
  • Marta Schuhmacher
  • José L. Domingo
Research Article
  • 105 Downloads

Abstract

In 1996–1998, a wide surveillance program was initiated in the vicinity of a new hazardous waste incinerator (HWI) placed in Constantí (Catalonia, Spain), which started its regular operations in 1999. The program was aimed at assessing the environmental impact of the facility on the surrounding environment, as well as to evaluate the potential risks for the population living in the neighborhood. Since then, among other measurements, the concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs) have been periodically determined in soil and herbage samples. This study shows the results, corresponding to the period 2013–2016. Data were compared with those obtained in the baseline survey (1996–1998), as well as with those of the previous survey (2011–2012). The median PCDD/F concentrations in soils were 0.44 and 0.33 ng toxic equivalent (I-TEQ)/kg in 2015 and 2016, respectively, with a significant decrease in relation to the baseline survey, and a non-significant decrease between 2015 and 2016. In turn, PCDD/F levels in vegetation showed some fluctuations over time, being the concentrations of PCDD/Fs in 2013 very similar to those found in 2012 (1.11 and 1.23 ng I-TEQ/kg, respectively). These concentrations notably decreased along the three last campaigns (0.16, 0.23, and 0.17 ng I-TEQ/kg in 2014, 2015, and 2016, respectively). These changes would be more related to a number of environmental factors rather than to a variation of PCDD/F emissions by the HWI. With respect to human health risks, exposure to PCDD/Fs in the area under potential influence of the HWI is not of concern, as the current environmental concentrations of PCDD/Fs do not mean additional carcinogenic or non-carcinogenic risks for the local population.

Keywords

Hazardous waste incinerator PCDD/Fs Soils Vegetation Health risks 

Notes

Funding information

The present study was financially supported by the Agència de Residus de Catalunya, Generalitat de Catalunya, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, as well as by SARPI Constantí, SL.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_2685_MOESM1_ESM.docx (13 kb)
Table S1 (DOCX 12 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental HealthSchool of Medicine, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i VirgiliReusSpain
  2. 2.Environmental Engineering Laboratory, Departament d’Enginyeria QuímicaUniversitat Rovira i VirgiliTarragonaSpain
  3. 3.Analytical and Applied Chemistry DepartmentInstitut Químic de Sarrià - Universitat Ramon LlullBarcelonaSpain

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