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Paper-based electrochemical sensor for on-site detection of the sulphur mustard

  • Noemi Colozza
  • Kai Kehe
  • Tanja Popp
  • Dirk Steinritz
  • Danila Moscone
  • Fabiana ArduiniEmail author
Innovations in environmental sciences related to chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear risks

Abstract

Herein, we report a novel paper-based electrochemical sensor for on-site detection of sulphur mustards. This sensor was conceived combining office paper-based electrochemical sensor with choline oxidase enzyme to deliver a sustainable sensing tool. The mustard agent detection relies on the evaluation of inhibition degree of choline oxidase, which is reversibly inhibited by sulphur mustards, by measuring the enzymatic by-product H2O2 in chronoamperometric mode. A nanocomposite constituted of Prussian Blue nanoparticles and Carbon Black was used as working electrode modifier to improve the electroanalytical performances. This bioassay was successfully applied for the measurement of a sulphur mustard, Yprite, obtaining a detection limit in the millimolar range (LOD = 0.9 mM). The developed sensor, combined with a portable and easy-to-use instrumentation, can be applied for a fast and cost-effective detection of sulphur mustards.

Keywords

Screen-printed electrode Prussian blue nanoparticles, carbon black Chemical warfare agents Choline oxidase, inhibition 

Notes

Funding information

F.A. acknowledges the Italian Ministry of Defence, Aptamer BW project for the financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noemi Colozza
    • 1
  • Kai Kehe
    • 2
  • Tanja Popp
    • 3
    • 4
  • Dirk Steinritz
    • 3
    • 4
  • Danila Moscone
    • 1
  • Fabiana Arduini
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Science and TechnologiesUniversity of Rome Tor VergataRomeItaly
  2. 2.Bundeswehr Medical AcademyMedical CBRN DefenseMunichGermany
  3. 3.Bundeswehr Institute of Pharmacology and ToxicologyMunichGermany
  4. 4.Walther-Straub-Institute of Pharmacology and ToxicologyLudwig-Maximilians-UniversitätMunichGermany

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