Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 23, pp 22736–22743 | Cite as

Estimation of soil-specific microbial degradation of alpha-cypermethrin by compound-specific stable isotope analysis

  • Shiwei Jin
  • Xiaoshan Yao
  • Zemin Xu
  • Xichang Zhang
  • Fangxing Yang
Research Article


In this study, the microbial degradation of alpha-cypermethrin was investigated in 14 different soil samples by compound-specific stable isotope analysis. After 40 and 80 days of microbial degradation, the stable carbon isotope ratios of alpha-cypermethrin shifted from − 32.18 to − 31.87‰ ~ − 31.12 and − 31.45‰ ~ − 29.75‰ in the soils, respectively. The microbial degradation percentages of alpha-cypermethrin were calculated as 15.6~44.3% after 40 days of incubation and 33.3~73.9% after 80 days of incubation. The effects of physicochemical properties of soil samples were then explored on the microbial degradation of alpha-cypermethrin. The results revealed that the microbial degradation percentages were positively correlated with the contents of organic carbon in soils with Pearson correlation coefficients of 0.794 and 0.843 for 40 and 80 days of microbial degradation, respectively, indicating that the microbial degradation of alpha-cypermethrin was faster in the soil with higher content of organic carbon. Accordingly, soil-specific use should be considered in practical agricultural application of alpha-cypermethrin to reduce the residue of the pesticide.


Pesticide Cypermethrin Microbial degradation Isotope ratio Compound-specific stable isotope analysis (CSIA) Physicochemical properties Soil Environmental safety 


Funding information

The work was financially supported by the Science & Technology Foundation of Taizhou, China and the Educational Commission of Zhejiang Province of China (No. Y201431270).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shiwei Jin
    • 1
  • Xiaoshan Yao
    • 1
  • Zemin Xu
    • 2
  • Xichang Zhang
    • 2
  • Fangxing Yang
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission, College of Chemistry and Materials ScienceSouth-Central University For NationalitiesWuhanChina
  2. 2.MOE Key Laboratory of Environmental Remediation and Ecosystem Health College of Environmental and Resource SciencesZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Research Institute of Zhejiang University-TaizhouTaizhouChina

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