Integrated rice-duck farming decreases global warming potential and increases net ecosystem economic budget in central China
Over the past decades, many attempts have been made to assess the effects of integrated rice-duck farming on greenhouse gas emissions, use efficient of energy, soil fertility, and economic significance. However, very few studies have been focused on the effects of the farming on net ecosystem economic budget (NEEB). Here, a 2-year field experiment was conducted to comprehensively investigate the effects of ducks raised in paddy fields on CH4 and N2O emissions, global warming potential (GWP), rice grain yield, and NEEB in central China. The experiment included two treatments: integrated rice-duck farming (RD) and conventional rice farming (R). The introduction of ducks into the paddy fields markedly increased the rice grain yield due to enhanced tiller number and root bleeding rate. RD treatment significantly elevated the N2O emissions (p < 0.05) but decreased CH4 emissions (p < 0.05) during rice growing seasons compared with R treatment. Analysis of GWP based on CH4 and N2O emissions showed that compared with R treatment, RD treatment significantly decreased the GWP by 28.1 and 28.0% and reduced the greenhouse gas intensity by 30.6 and 29.8% in 2009 and 2010, respectively. In addition, RD treatment increased NEEB by 40.8 and 39.7% respectively in 2009 and 2010 relative to R treatment. Taken together, our results suggest that the integrated rice-duck farming system is an effective strategy to optimize the economic and environmental benefits of paddy fields in central China.
KeywordsCH4 Global warming potential Greenhouse gas intensity Integrated rice-duck farming N2O
We sincerely thank Dr. Philippe Garrigues, the Editor, and anonymous referees for their constructive suggestions and critical comments on the original manuscript.
This work is funded by the National Key Research and Development Project of China (2017YFD0301403), Natural Science Foundation of China (31471454, 31671637, 31670447), and Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province (2016CFA017).
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