Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 4192–4201 | Cite as

Nanostructured catalysts applied to degrade atrazine in aqueous phase by heterogeneous photo-Fenton process

  • Tamara B. Benzaquén
  • Deicy A. Barrera
  • Paola M. Carraro
  • Karim Sapag
  • Orlando M. Alfano
  • Griselda A. EimerEmail author
Advanced Oxidation Technologies: State-of-the-Art in Ibero-American Countries


SBA-15 and KIT-6 materials have been synthesized and modified with iron salts by the wet impregnation method with different metal loadings. The different mesostructures obtained were characterized by N2 adsorption–desorption at 77 K, X-ray diffraction, temperature-programmed reduction, and ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy. These iron-containing mesostructured materials have been successfully tested for the heterogeneous photo-Fenton degradation of aqueous solutions of dangerous herbicides, such as atrazine, using UV–visible light irradiation, at room temperature and close to neutral pH. The results showed that the Fe/SBA-15 (10%) and Fe/KIT-6 (5%) catalysts exhibited the highest activities. However, the Fe/KIT-6 (5%) catalyst with minor Fe loading than Fe/SBA-15 (10%) presented a higher degradation of atrazine (above 98% in a reaction time of 240 min). Therefore, the interconnectivity of the cage-like mesopores had an important influence on the catalytic activity, favoring probably mass-transfer effects. Thus, the high performance of these materials indicates that the heterogeneous via of photo-Fenton process can also be efficiently employed to treat wastewaters containing pollutants such as herbicides, in order to reduce them to simplest and less toxic molecules.


Mesoporous materials SBA-15 KIT-6 Heterogeneous photo-Fenton process Degradation Pollutants 



The authors are grateful to Universidad Tecnológica Nacional (UTN-FRC), Universidad Nacional del Litoral (UNL), Universidad Nacional de San Luis (UNSL), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas (CONICET), and Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT) for the financial support.


This work was supported by Universidad Tecnológica Nacional (UTN-FRC) (MAUTICO0004427TC), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas (CONICET) (PIP 112–2013-0100412), and Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT) (PICT-2015-1485 and PICT 2015-2651).

Supplementary material

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ESM 1 (PDF 203 kb)
11356_2018_2348_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (175 kb)
ESM 2 (PDF 175 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tamara B. Benzaquén
    • 1
  • Deicy A. Barrera
    • 2
  • Paola M. Carraro
    • 1
  • Karim Sapag
    • 2
  • Orlando M. Alfano
    • 3
  • Griselda A. Eimer
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.CITEQMaestro López y Cruz Roja ArgentinaCórdobaArgentina
  2. 2.INFAPSan LuisArgentina
  3. 3.INTECSanta FeArgentina

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