Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 20, pp 19346–19361 | Cite as

Biology, taxonomy, and IPM strategies of Bactrocera tau Walker and complex species (Diptera; Tephritidae) in Asia: a comprehensive review

  • Waqar Jaleel
  • Lihua Lu
  • Yurong He
Review Article


Bactrocera flies are the serious pests of fruit, vegetables, and nuts over the world. Bactrocera tau Walker is an economically important pest of agricultural crops. In Asia, approximately 30–40% losses of agricultural products are caused by B. tau infestation every year. In Asia, the B. tau contains a complex of sibling species that called the tau complex. However, the basic studies of B. tau and complex species are very important for integrated management. A comprehensive review of the B. tau and complex species has not been provided elsewhere. So, considering the importance of B. tau and complex species, this study provides the published information on ecology, nomenclature, identification tools, geographical distribution, potential invasion, and IPM tactics of B. tau and complex species, which would be more informative for publication facilitating related to integrated pest management (IPM) strategies of B. tau and complex species. In IPM of B. tau and complex species, the phytochemical and biological controls have not been applied successfully in Asia; there is an urgent need to study and applications of these two mentioned control techniques against the B. tau and complex species in Asia.


Bactrocera tau and complex species Biology Pumpkin fruit fly Nomenclature IPM Asia Taxonomy 


Funding information

This research was supported by the National Science and Technology Pillar Program of China (2015BAD08B02).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of AgricultureSouth China Agriculture UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Plant Protection Research InstituteGuangdong Academy of Agricultural SciencesGuangzhouChina

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