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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 20, pp 20217–20230 | Cite as

Dynamic filtration and static adsorption of lead ions in aqueous solution by use of blended polysulfone membranes with nano size MCM-41 particles coated by polyaniline

  • Mohammad Reza Toosi
  • Mohammad Reza Sarmasti Emami
  • Sudeh Hajian
Research Article
  • 52 Downloads

Abstract

MCM-41 mesopore was prepared by hydrothermal method and used for synthesis of polyaniline/MCM-41 nanocomposite via in situ polymerization. The nanocomposite was blended with polysulfone to prepare mixed matrix membrane in different content of nanocomposite by phase inversion method. Structural and surface properties of the samples were characterized by SEM, XRD, FTIR, AFM, TGA, BET, and zeta potential measurements. Effect of the nanocomposite content on the hydrophilicity, porosity, and permeability of the membrane was determined. Membrane performance was evaluated for removal of lead ions in dynamic filtration and static adsorption. The membranes were found as effective adsorptive filters for removal of lead ions via interactions between active sites of nanocomposite in membrane structure and lead ions during filtration. Results of batch experiments proved adsorptive mechanism of membranes for removal of lead ions with the maximum adsorption capacity of 19.6 mg/g.

Keywords

Mixed matrix membrane Lead ion Adsorptive removal filtration MCM-41 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Qaemshahr BranchIslamic Azad UniversityQaemshahrIran
  2. 2.Mazandaran University of Sciences and TechnologyBehshahrIran

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