Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 20, pp 20116–20124 | Cite as

Capacity and mechanism of arsenic adsorption on red soil supplemented with ferromanganese oxide–biochar composites

  • Lina Lin
  • Shiwei Zhou
  • Qing Huang
  • Yongchun Huang
  • Weiwen Qiu
  • Zhengguo SongEmail author
Research Article


Two ferromanganese oxide–biochar composites (FMBC1 and FMBC2) were prepared by an impregnation method to promote the adsorption of As on red soil. Maximum adsorption capacities (Qm) of 0.687 and 0.712 mg g−1 were observed for FMBC1 and FMBC2, respectively, corresponding to increases of 104 and 111% relative to the control treatment (Qm = 0.337 mg g−1). Treatment with FMBC1 increased the pH of red soil, whereas a reverse trend was observed for FMBC2. A variety of analytical techniques were used to explain the differences between FMBC1 and FMBC2, revealing that the oxidation of As(III) to As(V) by Mn and Fe oxides was aided by interactions with the oxygen-containing functional groups of the ferromanganese oxide–biochar composites. Thus, red soil supplemented with the ferromanganese oxide–biochar composites mainly adsorbed As by chemisorption, thereby projecting ferromanganese oxide–biochar composites as potential absorbents for effectively remediating As-polluted red soil.


Ferromanganese oxide–biochar composite (FMBC) Arsenic Red soil Adsorption ability 



Ferromanganese oxide–biochar composite




Thermogravimetric analysis


Differential scanning calorimetry


Scanning electron microscopy


Fourier-transform infrared


X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy


Dissolved organic carbon


Oxidation reduction potential


Cation exchange capacity



The authors acknowledge financial support from the National Science Foundation of China (grant numbers 41771525 and 41273136) and the National Science Foundation of Tianjin (grant number 15JCZDJC33900).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_2188_MOESM1_ESM.docx (924 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 923 kb)
11356_2018_2188_MOESM2_ESM.docx (17 kb)
ESM 2 (DOCX 16.6 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lina Lin
    • 1
  • Shiwei Zhou
    • 2
  • Qing Huang
    • 1
  • Yongchun Huang
    • 1
  • Weiwen Qiu
    • 3
  • Zhengguo Song
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Agro-Environmental Protection InstituteMinistry of Agriculture of ChinaTianjinChina
  2. 2.School of AgricultureLudong UniversityYantaiChina
  3. 3.The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research LimitedChristchurchNew Zealand

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