Bioaccumulation of As, Hg, and Se in tunas Thunnus albacares and Katsuwonus pelamis from the Eastern Pacific: tissue distribution and As speciation
- 117 Downloads
With the aim of knowing the distribution of As, Hg, and Se in skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis, Linnaeus, 1758) and yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares, Bonnaterre, 1788) from the Eastern Pacific, elemental concentrations were determined in the muscle and liver; As species were also analyzed in the stomach content. Additionally, health risk for consumers was assessed. For both tunas, levels of As and Se were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the liver than in the muscle. In K. pelamis, Hg concentrations in the muscle were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than those in the liver. In T. albacares, As, Hg, and Se showed a trend to increase with fish dimensions. Arsenic extractability was better in the muscle than in the liver of both species; in K. pelamis, As species were better extracted than in T. albacares. In both tuna species, the most extractable arsenic was arsenobetaine (AsB) and a minor part was dimethylarsinic acid (DMA). The liver contained mainly AsB with some DMA and arsenocholine (AsC). Hazard indexes (HI) indicated no risk from Hg and Se intake through these tuna species. Considering the individual contribution to the HI, Hg contributed more (80 to 86%) than Se. In the context of health risk, none of the As and Hg values were above the permissible limits; however, two samples of T. albacares (9%) and three samples of K. pelamis (12%) had Se concentrations over the limits. If Hg and Se in the edible portion of tuna are considered under the approach of the HBVSe, tuna consumption is beneficial.
KeywordsSkipjack Yellowfin Muscle Liver Heavy metals Mexico
Thanks are due to Carlos Suárez-Gutiérrez for the preparation of figures.
This work was supported by Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología de México and by Programa para el Desarrollo Profesional Docente para el Tipo Superior.
- Allen GR, Bauchot ML, Bellwood DR, Bianchi G (1995) Peces óseos. In: Fischer W, Krupp F, Schneider W, Sommer C, Carpenter KE, Niem VH (eds) Guía FAO para la identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Pacífico centro-oriental Volumen II. Vertebrados Parte 1. FAO, Rome, pp 1201–1813Google Scholar
- Collette BB, Nauen CE (1983) An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. In: FAO Fisheries Synopsis, FAO Species Catalogue, Scombrids of the world Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, pp 1–42, vol. 2, no. 125Google Scholar
- Endo T, Hisamichi Y, Haraguchi K, Kato Y, Ohta C, Koga N (2008) Hg, Zn and cu levels in the muscle and liver of tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) from the coast of Ishigaki Island, Japan: relationship between metal concentrations and body length. Mar Pollut Bull 56:1774–1780. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2008.06.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- García-Hernández J, Cadena-Cárdenas L, Betancourt-Lozano M, García-de-la-Parra LM, García-Rico L, Márquez-Farías F (2007) Total mercury content found in edible tissues of top predator fish from the Gulf of California, Mexico. Environ Toxicol Chem 89:507–522. https://doi.org/10.1080/02772240601165594 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Husain A, Kannan K, Chan HM, Laird B, Al-Amiri H, Dashti B, Sultan A, Al-Othman A, Mandekar B (2017) A comparative assessment of arsenic risks and the nutritional benefits of fish consumption in Kuwait: arsenic versus omega 3-fatty acids. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 72:108–118. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-016-0329-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kennish MJ (1998) Pollution impacts on marine biotic communities. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
- Liu LH, Yun ZJ, He B, Jiang GB (2014) Efficient interface for online coupling of capillary electrophoresis with inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry and its application in simultaneous speciation analysis of arsenic and selenium. Anal Chem 86:8167–8175. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac501347d CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Looi LJ, Aris AZ, Haris H, Yusoff FM, Hashim Z (2016) The levels of mercury, methylmercury and selenium and the selenium health benefit value in grey-eel catfish (Plotosus canius) and giant mudskipper (Periophthalmodon schlosseri) from the Strait of Malacca. Chemosphere 152:265–273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.02.126 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Nauen C (1983) Compilation of legal limits for hazardous substances in fish and fishery products. FAO Fish Circ 764:1–102Google Scholar
- Newman MC, Unger MA (2002) Fundamentals of ecotoxicology. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FLGoogle Scholar
- Ruelas-Inzunza J, Vega-Sánchez B, Ramos-Osuna M, Páez-Osuna F (2011) Trophic transfer and dietary mineral intake of essential elements in Thunnus albacares and Katsuwonus pelamis from the eastern Pacific. Biol Trace Elem Res 143(1):231–239. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-010-8873-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ruelas-Inzunza J, Soto-Jiménez MF, Ruiz-Fernández AC, Bojórquez-Leyva H, Pérez-Bernal H, Páez-Osuna F (2012) 210Po activity and concentrations of selected trace elements (As, Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn) in the muscle tissue of tunas Thunnus albacares and Katsuwonus pelamis from the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Biol Trace Elem Res 149:371–376. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-012-9450-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ruelas-Inzunza J, Soto-Jimenez MF, Ruiz-Fernandez AC, Ramos-Osuna M, Mones-Saucedo J, Paez-Osuna F (2014) 210Po, Cd and Pb distribution and biomagnification in the yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares and skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis from the Eastern Pacific. Mar Pollut Bull 87(1):98–103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.08.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Storelli MM, Giacominelli-Stuffler R, Storelli A, Marcotrigiano GO (2005) Accumulation of mercury, cadmium, lead and arsenic in swordfish and bluefin tuna from the Mediterranean Sea: a comparative study. Mar Pollut Bull 50:1004–1007. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2005.06.041 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- US EPA (2000) Handbook for non-cancer health effects evaluation. Environmental Protection Agency, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
- Wang X, Zuo Z, Zhao C, Zhang Z, Peng G, Cao S, Hu Y, Yu S, Zhong Z, Deng J, Ren Z (2016) Protective role of selenium in the activities of antioxidant enzymes in piglet splenic lymphocytes exposed to deoxynivalenol. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 47:53–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2016.09.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar