Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 20, pp 19687–19700 | Cite as

Characterization, preparation, and uses of nanomagnetic Fe3O4 impregnated onto fish scale as more efficient adsorbent for Cu2+ ion adsorption

  • Zahra Ahmadifar
  • Ahmad Dadvand KoohiEmail author
Research Article


In this research, the Cu2+ ion adsorption from aqueous solution was investigated by fish scale (FS) and nanomagnetic (Fe3O4) loaded fish scale (MFS) from fishery biomass. We characterized the structure and morphology of synthesized magnetic adsorbent by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), FESEM, and XRD. The FTIR and XRD tests confirmed the collagen fibers, apatite crystals, and nanomagnetite particles presence in the MFS structure. The isotherm models of Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich were exerted to the empirical equilibrium data, by which was found that the Langmuir equation have the best fit to the experimental data in comparison to the other isotherm equations. The maximum capacities of monolayer coverage of FS and MFS for adsorption of Cu2+ ions were achieved, respectively, 61.73 and 103.1 mg g−1 based on Langmuir isotherm at 45 °C. It was also discovered that the Cu2+ ion adsorption onto MFS was totally a physisorption-controlled process. It was perceived that the model of pseudo-second order rate kinetics also could be applied for predicting of studied adsorption processes. Here, the adsorption was a spontaneous and endothermic process because of the negative and the positive values of ∆G0 and ∆H0, respectively. The reusability potential of the used adsorbents was studied, so that the results showed an efficiency of 76.5 and 83.92% for FS and MFS, respectively, after four adsorption-desorption cycles.


Adsorption Magnetic fish scale Fe3O4 Characterization Cu2+ ions 



The authors are worthy to thank the Caspian Sea Basin Research Centre (CSBRC) for the support of the research, under contract 1863777 from the present study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemical Engineering Department, Engineering FacultyUniversity of GuilanRashtIran
  2. 2.Department of Water Engineering and Environment, Caspian Sea Basin Research CenterUniversity of GuilanRashtIran

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