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Occurrence and distribution of antibiotics in surface water impacted by crab culturing: a case study of Lake Guchenghu, China

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the occurrence, distribution, potential sources, and ecological risk of antibiotics in aqueous phase of Lake Guchenghu, China. Target antibiotics in surface water of Lake Guchenghu, adjacent streams, and crab ponds were detected seasonally. The results showed that erythromycin-H2O (1.60–2450 ng/L), sulfadiazine (ND–654 ng/L), and florfenicol (ND–919 ng/L) were the predominant antibiotics in Lake Guchenghu. The concentrations of antibiotics in Lake Guchenghu Basin showed obvious seasonal variation, with the highest concentration in summer. In general, the concentrations of antibiotics in crab ponds and streams were higher than those in the lake and spatial distributions of antibiotics were affected by pollution sources. The types and origins of antibiotics indicated that wastewater from ponds was the main source of antibiotics in the lake. Risk assessment suggested that as individual compound, erythromycin-H2O and clarithromycin posed a high risk to algae while other compounds might pose low or no risk. The mixture of antibiotics may pose a high risk to aquatic organisms in Lake Guchenghu. Overall, our study revealed the occurrence and spatiotemporal variation of antibiotics in Lake Guchenghu, which was related with crab culturing.

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Funding

This work was supported by National Key Technology R&D program of China (No. 2015BAD13B06), the Science and Technology Service Network Initiative (No. KFJ-SW-STS- 145), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31400399 and No. 31770551).

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Correspondence to Xiaohong Gu.

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Responsible editor: Ester Heath

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Wang, W., Zhou, L., Gu, X. et al. Occurrence and distribution of antibiotics in surface water impacted by crab culturing: a case study of Lake Guchenghu, China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25, 22619–22628 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2054-7

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Keywords

  • Antibiotics
  • Lake Guchenghu
  • Surface water
  • Crab culturing
  • Algae