Biological control of Meloidogyne javanica on tomato with Dazitol® and soil solarization

  • Lobna Hajji-Hedfi
  • Emna Rebai
  • Asma Larayedh
  • Hajer Regaieg
  • Najet Horrigue-Raouani
Research Article

Abstract

Pot and greenhouse trials were conducted for the management of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica, infestation in tomato. Growth parameters, gall index, soil, and root nematode populations were measured to assess the effect of a novel bio-pesticide (Dazitol®), made from mustard oil and oleoresin of Capsicum, on plant growth and nematode reproduction. Data generated within the pot experiment showed that the tested bio-pesticide did not improve plant growth, but it reduced significantly root-knot nematode damage resulting in a decrease in gall index and root (91%) and soil (62%) population of M. javanica compared with untreated plants. The greenhouse experiment showed that Mocap® and Dazitol® decreased nematode incidence significantly (P < 0.05) on tomato. The result of this study suggested that the best nematode control was obtained by combining soil solarization with chemical or botanical nematicides as an integrated pest management approach.

Keywords

Biopesticides Tomato Root-knot nematode Solarization Pest management 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

This study does not involve any human and/or animal participant.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological Sciences and Plant Protection, Higher Agronomic Institute of Chott-MariemSousse UniversitySousseTunisia

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