Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 17, pp 17002–17011 | Cite as

Rates of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke from various indoor environments among US children and nonsmoker adolescents and adults

  • Ram B. Jain
Research Article


Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2013–2014 were used to compute rates of exposure (ROE) to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) from various indoor environments among US children and nonsmoking adolescents and adults. In a typical week in USA, 473,000 infants (ROE, 11%), 3.36 million children aged 1–5 years (ROE, 16.4%), and 4.59 million children aged 6–11 years (ROE, 18.6%) are exposed to ETS from indoor environments only. ROE among children was found to be highest by inhaling tobacco smoke inside home, riding in a car, and when visiting other people’s homes. In a typical week, 4.1 million nonsmoking adolescents (ROE, 29.2%) were being exposed to ETS. For every one adolescent smoker, 2.4 nonsmoker adolescents were being subjected to ETS exposure. Both non-Hispanic White (NHW) and non-Hispanic Black (NHB) nonsmoking adolescents had higher ROE (p < 0.01) than Hispanics (HISP) and non-Hispanic Asians (NHAS). Also, in a typical week, 16.8 million nonsmoking adults (ROE, 29.2%) were being exposed to ETS. For every adult smoker, 0.7 nonsmoker adult was subjected to ETS exposure. Both NHW and NHB nonsmoking adults had higher ROE (p < 0.01) than HISP and NHAS and males had higher ROE than females (p < 0.01).


Environmental tobacco smoke Rates of exposure Children Adolescents Statistical analysis 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No funds were provided to the author to conduct this research. All data used in this research are available free of charge at Author declares that he has no conflict of interest that could have affected conclusions arrived at in this communication.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DaculaUSA

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