NaCl impact on Kosteletzkya pentacarpos seedlings simultaneously exposed to cadmium and zinc toxicities
Data regarding NaCl impact on halophyte plant species exposed to a polymetallic contamination remain scarce. Seedlings of the salt marsh species Kosteletzkya pentacarpos were simultaneously exposed to cadmium (10 μM) and zinc (100 μM) in the absence or presence of 50 mM NaCl. Heavy metal exposure reduced plant growth and increased Cd and Zn concentrations in all organs. Cd and Zn accumulation reduced net photosynthesis in relation to stomatal closure, decreased in chlorophyll concentration and alteration in chlorophyll fluorescence-related parameters. Salinity reduced Cd and Zn bioaccumulation and translocation, with a higher impact on Cd than Zn. It mitigated the deleterious impact of heavy metals on photosynthetic parameters. NaCl reduced the heavy metal-induced oxidative stress assessed by malondialdehyde, carbonyl, and H2O2 concentration. Subcellular distribution revealed that Cd mainly accumulated in the cell walls, but NaCl increased it in the cytosol fraction in the leaf and in the metal-rich granule fraction in the roots. It had no impact on Zn subcellular distribution. The additional NaCl contributed to a higher sequestration of Cd on phytochelatins and stimulated glutathione synthesis. The positive impact of NaCl on K. pentacarpos response to polymetallic pollution made this species a promising candidate for revegetation of heavy metal-contaminated salt areas.
KeywordsHalophyte Heavy metal Cadmium Zinc Phytoremediation Salinity
We thank Mrs. Brigitte Vanpee (UCL, Louvain-la-– Neuve) for the technical assistance, and the PhD student Jiachen Wang (KUL, Leuven) for the management of the experiment. Mingxi Zhou is grateful to the China Scholarship Council (CSC) for the award of a research fellowship.
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