Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 16, pp 15918–15924 | Cite as

Khuzestan dust phenomenon: a content analysis of most widely circulated newspapers

  • Mehdi Mojadam
  • Mohammad Matlabi
  • Alireza Haji
  • Maria Cheraghi
  • Saeid Bitaraf
  • Morteza Abdullatif KhafaieEmail author
Research Article


Dust is an atmospheric phenomenon that causes adverse environmental effects. It is deemed to have harmful effects on health, economics, and climate. This study aimed to analyze the content published on the phenomenon of dust in the widely circulated newspapers in Iran. We investigated the content of all national and provincial newspapers that were published between July and August 2014. Data on the materials related to the dust phenomenon in the newspapers were categorized and coded. From a total of 510 newspaper issues, 143 articles were devoted to the dust phenomenon which 74.1% of them were published in provincial newspapers. Among the national newspapers, Hamshahri newspaper with 16 headlines and from the provincial newspapers; Karoon with 23 headlines published the highest number of articles on dust phenomenon. 45.5% of content on dust were printed on the first page of the newspapers. The most common approach to the type of content published in these newspapers was an interview. Moreover, we noticed that 28.7% of the content published in the newspapers was related to the health issue. The media plays an important role in the transmission of health information. Weaknesses in addressing the causes of dust occurrence and also in providing solutions for the dust control and prevention were noticeable in the content published in the newspaper. It seems necessary to take practical measures to disseminate relevant information to dust and also address the needs of the target audience community influenced by the dust phenomenon properly.


Content analysis Newspapers Dust phenomenon Ahvaz 



We acknowledge the contributions of Deputy of Research and Development-Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS) in translating and improving the language. We also need to thank Dr. Elham Jahanifar in preparing the map of study geographic region and population size.

Author contributions

M.M. and M.A.K. researched, wrote, discussed, and edited the manuscript. M.M., A.H., M.C., and S.B. contributed to the discussion and edited the manuscript.


This study is supported by a grant from Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (IR.AJUMS.REC.2016.213; SDH-9502; Behsan ID 95353).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehdi Mojadam
    • 1
  • Mohammad Matlabi
    • 2
  • Alireza Haji
    • 2
  • Maria Cheraghi
    • 1
  • Saeid Bitaraf
    • 3
  • Morteza Abdullatif Khafaie
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Public Health, Faculty of HealthAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  2. 2.Department of Public Health, School of Public HealthGonabad University of Medical SciencesGonabadIran
  3. 3.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public HealthIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Faculty of HealthAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran

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