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Valorisation of tuna processing waste biomass: isolation, purification and characterisation of four novel antioxidant peptides from tuna by-product hydrolysate

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Abstract

Tuna protein hydrolysate (TPH) was prepared by hydrolysis with Prolyve BS and fractionated by membranes process. The antioxidant activities of recovered peptide fractions were evaluated. Four novel antioxidant peptides that were isolated from nanofiltration retentate exhibited the highest antioxidant activity, using gel chromatography and reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The amino acid sequences of isolated peptides were identified as Tyr-Glu-Asn-Gly-Gly (P2), Glu-Gly-Tyr-Pro-Trp-Asn (P4), Tyr-Ile-Val-Tyr-Pro-Gly (P7) and Trp-Gly-Asp-Ala-Gly-Gly-Tyr-Tyr (P8) with molecular weights of 538.46, 764.75, 710.78 and 887.85 Da, respectively. P2, P4, P7 and P8 exhibited good scavenging activities on hydroxyl radical (IC50 0.41, 0.327, 0.17 and 0.042 mg/ml), DPPH radical (IC50 0.666, 0.326, 0.451 and 0.377 mg/ml) and superoxide radical (IC50 0.536, 0.307, 0.357 and 0.115 mg/ml). P7 was effective against lipid peroxidation in the model system. The isolated peptides might be useful used as natural food additive in food industry and formulation of nutritional products.

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Correspondence to Sami Saidi.

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Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues

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Saidi, S., Saoudi, M. & Ben Amar, R. Valorisation of tuna processing waste biomass: isolation, purification and characterisation of four novel antioxidant peptides from tuna by-product hydrolysate. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25, 17383–17392 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1809-5

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Keywords

  • Valorisation
  • Tuna waste biomass hydrolysate
  • Antioxidant activity
  • Membrane fractionation
  • Peptide
  • Amino acid composition
  • Amino acid sequence