Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 36, pp 35895–35905 | Cite as

Agricultural solid waste for sorption of metal ions: part I—characterization and use of lettuce roots and sugarcane bagasse for Cu(II), Fe(II), Zn(II), and Mn(II) sorption from aqueous medium

  • Priscila Aparecida Milani
  • Karina Bugan Debs
  • Geórgia Labuto
  • Elma Neide Vasconcelos Martins CarrilhoEmail author
Sustainable Waste Management


Sugarcane bagasse and hydroponic lettuce roots were used as biosorbents for Cu(II), Fe(II), Zn(II), and Mn(II) removal from monoelemental solutions in aqueous medium, at pH 5.5, using batch procedures. These biomasses were studied in natura (lettuce roots, NLR, and sugarcane bagasse, NSB) and modified with HNO3 (lettuce roots, MLR, and sugarcane bagasse, MSB). Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich non-linear isotherm models were used to evaluate the data from the metal ion adsorption assessment. The maximum adsorption capacities (qmax) in monoelemental solution, calculated using the Langmuir isothermal model for Cu(II), Fe(II), Zn(II), and Mn(II), were respectively 24.61, 2.64, 23.04, and 5.92 mg/g for NLR; 2.29, 16.89, 1.97, and 2.88 mg/g for MLR; 0.81, 0.06, 0.83, and 0.46 mg/g for NSB; and 1.35, 2.89, 20.76, and 1.56 mg/g for MSB. The Freundlich n parameter indicated that the adsorption process was favorable for Cu(II) uptake by NLR; Fe(II) retention by MLR and MSB; and Zn(II) sorption by NSB, MLR, and NSB and favorable for all biomasses in the accumulation of Mn(II). The Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm was applied to estimate the energy (E) and type of adsorption process involved, which was found to be a physical one between analytes and adsorbents. Organic groups such as O–H, C–O–C, CH, and C=O were found in the characterization of the biomass by FTIR. In the determination of the biomass surface charges by using blue methylene and red amaranth dyes, there was a predominance of negative charges.


Biomass valorization Biosorption Water decontamination Dyes Superficial charge Sustainability 



The authors are grateful to Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo—FAPESP (Proc. 2016/06271-4) and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior—CAPES for the financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Priscila Aparecida Milani
    • 1
  • Karina Bugan Debs
    • 2
  • Geórgia Labuto
    • 3
  • Elma Neide Vasconcelos Martins Carrilho
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratório de Materiais Poliméricos e BiossorventesUniversidade Federal de São CarlosArarasBrazil
  2. 2.Grupo de Análises Químicas AplicadasUniversidade Federal de São PauloDiademaBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de QuímicaUniversidade Federal de São PauloDiademaBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de Ciências da Natureza, Matemática e EducaçãoUniversidade Federal de São CarlosArarasBrazil

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