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Latitudinal distribution of OCPs in the open ocean atmosphere between the Argentinian coast and Antarctic Peninsula

Abstract

Long-range atmospheric transport is one of the most important ways in which persistent organic pollutants can be transported from their source to remote and pristine regions. Here, we report the results of the first Argentinian measurements of organochlorine pesticides in the Antarctic region. During a 9665-km track onboard OV ARA Puerto Deseado, within the framework of Argentinian Antarctic Expeditions, air samples were taken using high-volume samplers and analyzed using GC-μECD. HCB, HCHs, and endosulfans were the major organic pollutants found, and a north-south gradient in their concentrations was evident by comparing data from the Argentinian offshore zone to the South Scotia Sea.

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Acknowledgements

We wish to thank to the crew of OV ARA Puerto Deseado and participants of the Summer Antarctic Campaign that collaborated during sampling procedures. We also acknowledge the partial financial support from the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) and from Secretaria de Ciencia y Técnica – Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (SeCyT - UNC). The authors gratefully acknowledge the NOAA Air Resources Laboratory (ARL) for the provision of the HYSPLIT transport and dispersion model and/or READY website (http://www.ready.noaa.gov) used in this publication.

Author information

Correspondence to Gustavo Alejandro Argüello.

Additional information

In memoriam of the crew of the sunken U-boot ARA San Juan and especially of Captain Pedro M. Fernández, former Commander of the ARA Puerto Deseado.

Responsible editor: Constantini Samara

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Rimondino, G.N., Pepino, A.J., Manetti, M.D. et al. Latitudinal distribution of OCPs in the open ocean atmosphere between the Argentinian coast and Antarctic Peninsula. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25, 13004–13013 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1572-7

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Keywords

  • Antarctica
  • OCPs
  • Endosulfan
  • HCHs
  • HCB
  • Atmosphere