Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 14, pp 13645–13659 | Cite as

A novel method to prepare a magnetic carbon-based adsorbent with sugar-containing water as the carbon source and DETA as the modifying reagent

  • Yunjie Liu
  • Dezhang Ren
  • Zhiyuan Song
  • Xinyan Wan
  • Chuntao Zhang
  • Fangming Jin
  • Zhibao HuoEmail author
Research Article


A novel magnetic heavy metal adsorbent was prepared via diethylenetriamine (DETA) modification on magnetic hydrothermal carbon, with glucose and sugar-containing waste water as the carbon source. The prepared materials were characterized by FT-IR, SEM, TEM, EDXRF, TGA, elemental analysis, XPS, and magnetic moment determination. In this paper, the adsorption mechanism of the modified and unmodified adsorbents was well discussed. Four kinds of waste water (watermelon juice, expired sprite, sugar-pressing waste water, and confectionary waste water) were employed to produce heavy metal ion adsorbents; the chemical properties of hydrothermal carbon derived from the proposed sources were analyzed as well. The maximum uptake capacity for Cu2+, Pb2+, and Cd2+ of the adsorbent produced from glucose was 26.88, 103.09, and 25.38 mg g−1, respectively. After 5 cycles, the adsorption ability was still well preserved. This work represents an efficient new direction for the treatment of heavy metal ions in water and the reuse of sugar-containing waste water.

Graphical abstract

The schemetic of DETA-modified magnetic carbon preparing from sugar-containing wastewater


Sugar-containing waste water DETA Magnetic adsorbent Hydrothermal reaction Glucose Core-shell structure 


Funding information

This study is supported by the State Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21436007), Key Basic Research Projects of Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai (14JC1403100), and The Program for Professor of Special Appointment (Eastern Scholar) at Shanghai Institutions of Higher Learning (ZXDF160002).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1493_MOESM1_ESM.doc (8 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 7.99 mb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yunjie Liu
    • 1
  • Dezhang Ren
    • 1
  • Zhiyuan Song
    • 1
  • Xinyan Wan
    • 1
  • Chuntao Zhang
    • 1
  • Fangming Jin
    • 1
  • Zhibao Huo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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