Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 13, pp 12352–12360 | Cite as

Uptake and elimination kinetics of trifluralin and pendimethalin in Pheretima spp. and Eisenia spp.

  • Yuko Goto
  • Miki Sudo
Research Article
  • 352 Downloads

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to clarify the kinetic bioaccumulation potential of herbicides in the earthworm, Pheretima spp., the most common earthworms throughout Asia, and Eisenia spp., litter-feeding earthworms included in the test species recommended by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. The kinetic bioaccumulation factors of trifluralin and pendimethalin were estimated from an uptake test for 10 or 12 days and from an elimination test for 10 days. The time required to reach a steady state following herbicide exposure was 7 days for both herbicides in Eisenia spp. and 1 day in Pheretima spp. The uptake rate constant (g-soil/g-worm/day) and elimination rate constant (per day) for trifluralin were 2.1 and 0.23 in Eisenia spp. and 0.42 and 0.45 in Pheretima spp., respectively, and those for pendimethalin were 1.5 and 0.26 in Eisenia spp. and 0.27 and 1.0 in Pheretima spp., respectively. Kinetic bioaccumulation factors of both herbicides were relatively close to bioaccumulation factors in steady state and were higher in Eisenia spp. (8.9 for trifluralin and 5.7 for pendimethalin) than in Pheretima spp. (0.95 and 0.26). These results demonstrated that the herbicide bioaccumulation risk is lower for Pheretima spp. than for Eisenia spp. because of the lower uptake rate and higher elimination rate in Pheretima spp.

Keywords

Pheretima spp. Trifluralin Pendimethalin Soil uptake rate constant Elimination rate constant Kinetic bioaccumulation factor 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Masamichi Ito for the assistance with earthworm identification and Toshiyuki Azumi for the assistance with the soil texture analysis.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1483_MOESM1_ESM.docx (47 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 36 kb)

References

  1. Arias-Estevez M, Lopez-Periago E, Martinez-Carballo E, Simal-Gandara J, Mejuto JC, Garcia-Rio L (2008) The mobility and degradation of pesticides in soils and the pollution of groundwater resources. Agric Ecosyst Environ 123:247–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Armitage JM, Gobas FAPC (2007) A terrestrial food-chain bioaccumulation model for POPs. Environ Sci Technol 41:4019–4025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arnot JA, Gobas FAPC (2006) A review of bioconcentration factor (BCF) and bioaccumulation factor (BAF) assessments for organic chemicals in aquatic organisms. Environ Rev 14:257–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barois I, Lavelle P (1986) Changes in respiration rate and some physicochemical properties of a tropical soil during transit through Pontoscolex corethrurus (Glossoscolecidae, Oligochaeta). Soil Biol Biochem 18:539–541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Belden JB, Phillips TA, Henderson KL, Clark BW, Lydy MJ, Coats JR (2003) Persistence, mobility, and bioavailability of pendimethalin and trifluralin in soil. In: Environmental Fate and Effects of Pesticides American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, pp 167–177Google Scholar
  6. Belfroid AC, Seinen W, van Gestel KCAM, Hermens JLM, van Leeuwen KJ (1995) Modelling the accumulation of hydrophobic organic chemicals in earthworms. Environ Sci Pollut Res 2:5–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Blakemore RJ, Ito MT, Kaneko N (2006) Alien earthworms in the Asia/Pacific region with a checklist of species and the first records of Eukerria saltensis (Oligochaeta : Ocnerodrilidae) and Eiseniella tetraedra (Lumbricidae) from Japan, and Pontoscolex corethrurus (Glossoscolecidae) from Okinawa. In: Assessment and control of biological invasion risks. SHOUKADOH Book Sellers, Kyoto, pp 173–181Google Scholar
  8. Bligh EG, Dyer WJ (1959) A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Can J Biochem Physiol 37:911–917CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Davis BNK (1971) Laboratory studies on the uptake of dieldrin and DDT by earthworms. Soil Boil Biochem 3:221–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. de Andréa MM, Papini S (2005) Influence of soil properties on bioaccumulation of 14C-simazine in earthworms Eisenia foetida. J Environ Sci Health 40B:55–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ebert D (1992) Differences in uptake of bound residues of bentazon, a herbicide, by two different earthworm species, Eisenia foetida (Sav.) and Lumbricus Rubellus (Hoffm.) Soil Boil Biochem 24:1715–1718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Edwards CA, Bohlen PJ (1992) The effects of toxic chemicals on earthworms. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 125:23–99Google Scholar
  13. Gavrilescu M (2005) Fate of pesticides in the environment and its bioremediation. Eng Life Sci 5:497–526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gobas FAPC, Kelly BC, Arnot JA (2003) Quantitative structure activity relationships for predicting the bioaccumulation of POPs in terrestrial food-webs. QSAR Comb Sci 22:329–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Goto Y (2012) Studies on bioaccumulation of pesticides in soil ecosystem—field survey of moles and bioaccumulation capacity in earthworms. Dissertation, University of Shiga prefecture (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  16. Goto Y, Sudo M (2012) A difference of the herbicide bioaccumulation between two species of earthworm, Eisenia cf fetida and Pheretima spp. Jpn J Environ Entomol Zool 23:19–25 (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  17. Hans RK, Khan MA, Farooq M, Beg MU (1993) Glutahione-S-taransferase activity in an earthworm (Pheretima Posthum) exposed to three insecticides. Soil Biol Biochem 25:509–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Haynes RJ, Fraser PM, Piercy JE, Tregurtha RJ (2003) Casts of Aporrectodea caliginosa (Savigny) and Lumbricus rubellus (Hoffmeister) differ in microbial activity, nutrient availability and aggregate stability. Pedobiologia 47:882–887Google Scholar
  19. Hu X-Y, Wen B, Shan X-Q, Zhang S-Z (2005) Bioavailability of pentachlorophenol to earthworms (Eisenia fetida) in artificially contaminated soils. J Environ Sci Health 40A:1905–1916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jouquet P, Dauber J, Lagerlof J, Lavelle P, Lepage M (2006) Soil invertebrates as ecosystem engineers: intended and accidental effects on soil and feedback loops. Appl Soil Ecol 32:153–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. JPPA (Japan Plant Protection Association) (2014) Survey of pesticides. JPPA, Tokyo (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  22. Katagi T, Ose K (2015) Toxicity, bioaccumulation and metabolism of pesticides in the earthworms. J Pestic Sci 40:69–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kelsey JW, Colino A, White JC (2005) Effect of species differences, pollutant concentration, and residence time in soil the bioaccumulation of 2,2-bis (p-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethylene by three earthworm species. Environ Toxicol Chem 24:703–708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Könen S, Çavaş T (2008) Genotoxicity testing of the herbicide trifluralin and its commercial formulation Treflan using the piscine micronucleus test. Environ Mol Mutagen 49:434–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lord KA, Briggs GG, Neale MC, Manlove R (1980) Uptake of pesticides from water and soil by earthworms. Pestic Sci 11:401–408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Morgan JE, Morgan AJ (1991) Differences in the accumulated metal concentrations in two epigeic earthworm species (Lumbricus rubellus and Dendrodrilus rubidus) living in contaminated soils. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 47:296–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Murai H (2005) Fluctuation of body weight and food consumption of Japanese pipistrelle and small Japanese mole. Mamm Sci 45:55–61 (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  28. OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) (2010) Test 317: bioaccumulation in terrestrial oligochaetes. In: Organization for Economic co-Operation and Development (Ed.), OECD Guidelines for testing of chemicals Accessed 14 Sep 2017 (http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/testing/oecdguidelinesforthetestingofchemicals.htm)
  29. Park J-W, Bradford CM, Rinchard J, Liu F, Wages M, Waters A, Kendall RJ, Anderson TA, Theodorakis CW (2007) Uptake, elimination, and relative distribution of perchlorate invarious tissues of channel catfish. Environ Sci Technol 41:7581–7586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Patel S, Bajpayee M, Pandey AK, Parmar D, Dhawan A (2007) In vitro induction of cytotoxicity and DNA strand breaks in CHO cells exposed to cypermethrin, pendimethalin and dichlorvos. Toxicol In Vitro 21:1409–1418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Pelosi C, Barot S, Capowiez Y, Hedde M, Vandenbulcke F (2013) Pesticides and earthworms. A review. Agron Sustain Dev 34:199–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Phipps RH, Park JR (2002) Environmental benefits of genetically modified crops: global and European perspectives on their ability to reduce pesticide use. J Anim Feed Sci 11:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. PPDB (Pesticide Properties DataBase). Accessed 14 Sep 2017 (http://sitem.herts.ac.uk/aeru/ppdb/en/)
  34. Qu H, Wang P, Ma R-X, Qiu X-X, Xu P, Zhou Z-Q, Liu D-H (2014) Enantioselective toxicity, bioaccumulation and degradation of the chiral insecticide fipronil in earthworms (Eisenia feotida). Sci Total Environ 485–486:415–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Saghir SA, Charles GD, Bartels MJ, Kan LHL, Dryzga MD, Bryzak KA, Clark AJ (2008) Mechanism of trifluralin-induced thyroid tumors in rats. Toxicol Lett 180:38–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sudo M, Kunimatsu T, Okubo T (2002) Concentration and loading of pesticide residues in Lake Biwa basin (Japan). Water Res 36:315–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sudo M, Goto Y, Okajima T, Horiuchi R, Odani H (2012) Effect of percolation flow on herbicide loss from rice paddies. J Pestic Sci 37:140–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Thakuria D, Schmidt O, Finan D, Egan D, Doohan FM (2010) Gut wall bacteria of earthworms: a natural selection process. ISME J 4:357–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ündeğer Ü, Schlumpf M, Lichtensteiger W (2010) Effect of the herbicide pendimethalin on rat uterine weight and gene expression and in silico receptor binding analysis. Food Chem Toxicol 48:502–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. US EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency). Fact sheet. Accessed 14 Sep 2017 (https://archive.epa.gov/)
  41. van der Heijden SA, Jonker MTO (2011) Intra- and interspecies variation in bioconcentration potential of polychlorinated biphenyls: are all lipids equal? Environ Sci Technol 45:10408–10414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Veith GD, Defoe DL, Bergstedt BV (1979) Measuring and estimating the bioconcentration factor of chemicals in fish. J Fish Res Board Can 36:1040–1048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Xu P, Liu D, Diao J, Lu D, Zhou Z (2009) Enantioselective acute toxicity and bioaccumulation of benalaxyl in earthworm (Eisenia fedtia). J Agric Food Chem 57:8545–8549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yu YL, Wu XM, Li SN, Fang H, Tan YJ, Yu JQ (2005) Bioavailability of butachlor and myclobutanil residues in soil to earthworms. Chemosphere 59:961–967CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Science, College of Life and Health ScienceChubu UniversityKasugaiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Biological Resources Management, School of Environmental ScienceThe University of Shiga PrefectureHikoneJapan

Personalised recommendations