Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 13, pp 12491–12506 | Cite as

The environmental Kuznets curve in the presence of corruption in developing countries

  • Tajul Ariffin Masron
  • Yogeeswari SubramaniamEmail author
Research Article


Environmental degradation is at an alarming level in developing economies. The present paper examines the direct and indirect impacts of corruption on environmental deterioration using the panel data of 64 developing countries. Adopting the generalized method of moments (GMM) technique, the paper finds evidence that corruption exhibits a positive impact on pollution. Subsequently, there is also evidence indicating that the level of pollution tends to be higher in countries with a higher level of corruption, eliminating the effectiveness of income effect on environmental preservation. These results also suggest that environmental degradation is monotonically increasing with higher corruption and invalidate the presence of the EKC. Hence, a policy focuses that an anti-corruption particularly in the environmental and natural resources sector needs to be emphasized and enforced in order to reduce or possibly to totally eliminate the rent for corruption.


Corruption Carbon emission Ecological footprint Developing countries 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ManagementUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia

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