Effect of biochar on growth and ion contents of bean plant under saline condition Research Article First Online: 09 February 2018 Received: 23 April 2017 Accepted: 31 January 2018 Abstract
A pot experiment was conducted with three biochar ratios (non-biochar, 5, and 10% total pot mass) and three salinities (control, 6, and 12 dSm
−1 sodium chloride) treatments. At the flowering stage, we harvested common bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Derakhshan) plants and measured growth characteristics and nutrient contents. As an average, salt stress decreased shoot and root dry weight, leaf area, relative water content, chlorophyll fluorescence (Fv/Fm) and leaf chlorophyll content, however, increased root length, sodium (Na) content of root and shoot, Na uptake, and translocation of bean plants, compared to control. On the other hand, the growth and ion contents of bean were affected positively by use of biochar, but Na translocation was not changed. Addition of biochar improved content of chlorophylls a, b, and total, and potassium (K), calcium (Ca), and magnesium (Mg) contents, while, diminished Na content and uptakes. Moreover, in case of measured parameters, 10% biochar was more effective compared to 5%. Overall, biochar enhanced growth of a bean under saline condition, which may have contributed to the reduction of Na uptake and enhance of K, Ca, and Mg contents. Keywords Phaseolus vulgaris L. Biochar Salinity Sodium uptake Potassium content Chlorophyll content
Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues
We kindly appreciate the University of Tabriz for providing the greenhouse and laboratory.
Compliance with ethical standards Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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