Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 26, pp 25799–25812 | Cite as

Phosphorus sorption capacity of biochars varies with biochar type and salinity level

  • Abdelhafid Ahmed Dugdug
  • Scott X. ChangEmail author
  • Yong Sik Ok
  • Anushka Upamali Rajapaksha
  • Anthony Anyia
Environmental functions of biochar

Abstract

Biochar is recognized as an effective material for recovering excess nutrients, including phosphorus (P), from aqueous solutions. Practically, that benefits the environment through reducing P losses from biochar-amended soils; however, how salinity influences P sorption by biochar is poorly understood and there has been no direct comparison on P sorption capacity between biochars derived from different feedstock types under non-saline and saline conditions. In this study, biochars derived from wheat straw, hardwood, and willow wood were used to compare P sorption at three levels of electrical conductivity (EC) (0, 4, and 8 dS m−1) to represent a wide range of salinity conditions. Phosphorus sorption by wheat straw and hardwood biochars increased as aqueous solution P concentration increased, with willow wood biochar exhibiting an opposite trend for P sorption. However, the pattern for P sorption became the same as the other biochars after the willow wood biochar was de-ashed with 1 M HCl and 0.05 M HF. Willow wood biochar had the highest P sorption (1.93 mg g−1) followed by hardwood (1.20 mg g−1) and wheat straw biochars (1.06 mg g−1) in a 25 mg L−1 P solution. Although the pH in the equilibrium solution was higher with willow wood biochar (~ 9.5) than with the other two biochars (~ 6.5), solution pH had no or minor effects on P sorption by willow wood biochar. The high sorption rate of P by willow wood biochar could be attributed to the higher concentrations of salt and other elements (i.e., Ca and Mg) in the biochar in comparison to that in wheat straw and hardwood biochars; the EC values were 2.27, 0.53, and 0.27 dS m−1 for willow wood, wheat straw, and hardwood biochars, respectively. A portion of P desorbed from the willow wood biochar; and that desorption increased with the decreasing P concentration in the aqueous solution. Salinity in the aqueous solution influenced P sorption by hardwood and willow wood but not by wheat straw biochar. We conclude that the P sorption capacity of the studied biochars is dependent on the concentration of the soluble element in the biochar, which is dependent on the biochar type, as well as the salinity level in the aqueous solution.

Keywords

Biochar Equilibrium solution Feedstock type Salt stress Phosphorus sorption Wheat straw Wood 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Tim Anderson and Don Harfield for assistance with biochar production. . We would like to thank Mr. Prem Pokharel for his help in revising the manuscript.

Funding information

The biochars used in this experiment were produced by Alberta Innovates-Technology Futures, Vegreville. Alberta Innovates-Technology Futures (now InnoTech Alberta) and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and Alberta Innovates-Technology Futures provided funding for this research

References

  1. Ahmad M, Moon DH, Vithanage M, Koutsospyros A, Lee SS, Yang JE, Lee SE, Jeon C, Ok YS (2014) Production and use of biochar from buffalo-weed (Ambrosia trifida L.) for trichloroethylene removal from water. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 89(1):150–157.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.4157 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amonette JE, Joseph S (2009) Characteristics of biochar: microchemical properties. In: Lehmann J, Joseph S (eds) Biochar for environmental management. Earthscan, London, pp 33–52Google Scholar
  3. Antal MJ, Gronli M (2003) The art, science, and technology of charcoal production. Ind Eng Chem Res 42(8):1619–1640.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie0207919 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Arnold PW (1978) Surface-electrolyte interactions. In: Greenland DJ, MHB H (eds) The chemistry of soil constituents. Wiley-Interscience, New York, pp 355–404Google Scholar
  5. Barrow NJ, Carter ED (1978) Modified-model for evaluating residual phosphorus in soil. Aust J Agric Res 29(5):1011–1021.  https://doi.org/10.1071/AR9781011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bar-Yosef B, Rosenberg R, Kafkafi U, Sposito G (1988) Phosphorus adsorption by kaolinite and montmorillonite: I. Effect of time, ionic strength, and pH. Soil Sci Soc Am J 52(6):1580–1585.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1988.03615995005200060011x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Berg AS, Joern BC (2006) Sorption dynamics of organic and inorganic phosphorus compounds in soil. J Environ Qual 35(5):1855–1862.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2005.0420 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cao X, Ma L, Gao B, Harris W (2009) Dairy-manure derived biochar effectively sorbs lead and atrazine. Environ Sci Technol 43(9):3285–3291.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es803092k CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chen B, Zhou D, Zhu L (2008) Transitional adsorption and partition of nonpolar and polar aromatic contaminants by biochars of pine needles with different pyrolytic temperature. Environ Sci Technol 42:5137–5143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chen B, Chen Z, Lv S (2011) A novel magnetic biochar efficiently sorbs organic pollutants and phosphate. Bioresour Technol 102:716–723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cheng CH, Lehmann J, Engelhard MH (2008) Natural oxidation of black carbon in soils: changes in molecular form and surface charge along a climosequence. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 72:1598–1610CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chien SH, Clayton WR (1980) Application of elovich equation to the kinetics of phosphate release and sorption in soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 44(2):265–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Chinnusamy V, Jagendorf A, Zhu JK (2005) Understanding and improving salt tolerance in plants. Crop Sci 45:437–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chintala R, Schumacher TE, McDonald LM, Clay DE, Malo DD, Papiernik SK, Clay SA, Julson JL (2014) Phosphorus sorption and availability from biochars and soil/biochar mixtures. Clean Soil Air Water 42(5):626–634.  https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.201300089 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Clavero V, Fernandez JA, Niell FX (1990) Influence of salinity on the concentration and rate of interchange of dissolved phosphate between water and sediment in Fuente-Piedra lagoon (S Spain). Hydrobiologia 197(1):91–97.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00026941 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Csatho P, Sisak I, Radimszky L, Lushaj S, Spiegel H, Nikolova MT, Nikolov N, Cermak P, Klir J, Astover A et al (2007) Agriculture as a source of phosphorus causing eutrophication in Central and Eastern Europe. Soil Use Manag 23(s1):36–56.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2007.00109.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. DeLuca TH, MacKenzie MD, Gundale MJ (2009) Biochar effects on soil nutrient transformations. In: Lehmann J, Joseph S (eds) Biochar for environmental management: science and technology. Earthscan, London, pp 251–270Google Scholar
  18. Dume B, Mosissa T, Nebiyu A (2016) Effect of biochar on soil properties and lead (Pb) availability in a military camp in South West Ethiopia. Afr J Environ Sci Technol 10:77–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Eberhardt TL, Min SH, Han JS (2006) Phosphate removal by refined aspen wood fiber treated with carboxymethyl cellulose and ferrous chloride. Bioresour Technol 97(18):2371–2376.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.10.040 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Farrell M, Macdonald LM, Butler G, Chirino-Valle I, Condron LM (2014) Biochar and fertiliser applications influence phosphorus fractionation and wheat yield. Biol Fertil Soils 50(1):169–178.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-013-0845-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Freundlich HMF (1906) Over the adsorption in solution. Z Phys Chem 57A:385–470Google Scholar
  22. Gartley KL, Sims JT (1994) Phosphorus soil testing- environmental uses and implication. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 25(9-10):1565–1582.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103629409369136 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gaskin JW, Steiner C, Harris K, Das KC, Bibens B (2008) Effect of low temperature pyrolysis conditions on biochars for agricultural use. T Asabe 51(6):2061–2069.  https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.25409 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Glaser B, Lehmann J, Zech W (2002) Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal - a review. Biol Fertil Soils 35:219–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Guo YP, Rockstraw DA (2007) Physicochemical properties of carbons prepared from pecan shell by phosphoric acid activation. Bioresour Technol 98(8):1513–1521.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2006.06.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hale SE, Alling V, Martinsen V, Mulder J, Breedveld GD, Cornelissen G (2013) The sorption and desorption of phosphate-P, ammonium-N and nitrate-N in cacao shell and corn cob biochars. Chemosphere 91(11):1612–1619.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.12.057 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Huang W, Lu Y, Li JH, Zheng Z, Zhang JB, Jiang X (2015) Effect of ionic strength on phosphorus sorption in different sediments from a eutrophic plateau lake. RSC Adv 5(97):79607–79615.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C5RA12658D CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ji L, Wan Y, Zheng S, Zhu D (2011) Adsorption of tetracycline and sulfamethoxazole on crop residue– derived ashes: implication for the relative importance of black carbon to soil sorption. Environ Sci Technol 45(13):5580–5586.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es200483b CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Jun M, Altor AE, Craft CB (2013) Effects of increased salinity and inundation on inorganic nitrogen exchange and phosphorus sorption by tidal freshwater floodplain forest soils, Georgia (USA). Estuar Coasts 36(3):508–518.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12237-012-9499-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Jung KW, Hwang MJ, Ahn KH, Ok YS (2015) Kinetic study on phosphate removal from aqueous solution by biochar derived from peanut shell as renewable adsorptive media. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12(10):3363–3372.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-015-0766-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Karunanithi R, Szogi AA, Bolan N, Naidu R, Loganathan P, Hunt PG, Vanotti MB, Saint CP, Ok YS, Krishnamoorthy S (2015) Phosphorus recovery and reuse from waste stream. Adv Agron 131:173–250.  https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.agron.2014.12.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Keiluweit M, Nico PS, Johnson MG, Kleber M (2010) Dynamic molecular structure of plant biomass-derived black carbon (biochar). Environ Sci Technol 44(4):1247–1253.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es9031419 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kinniburgh DG (1986) General purpose adsorption isotherms. Environ Sci Technol 20(9):895–904CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kronvang B, Bechmann M, Lundekvam H, Behrendt H, Rubaek GH, Schoumans OF, Syversen N, Andersen HE, Hoffmann CC (2005) Phosphorus losses from agricultural areas in river basins: Effects and uncertainties of targeted mitigation measures. J Environ Qual 34(6):2129–2144.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2004.0439 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kumar P, Sudha S, Chand S, Srivastava VC (2010) Phosphate removal from aqueous solution using coir-pith activated carbon. Sep Sci Technol 45:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lai DY, Lam KC (2009) Phosphorus sorption by sediments in a subtropical constructed wetland receiving stormwater runoff. Ecol Eng 35(5):735–743.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2008.11.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Laird D, Fleming P, Wang BQ, Horton R, Karlen D (2010) Biochar impact on nutrient leaching from a Midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma 158:436–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Langmuir I (1916) The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. J Am Chem Soc 38(11):2221–2295.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ja02268a002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lashari MS, Liu YM, Li LQ, Pan WN, Fu JY, Pan GX, Zheng JF, Zheng JW, Zhang XH, Yu XY (2013) Effects of amendment of biochar-manure compost in conjunction with pyroligneous solution on soil quality and wheat yield of a salt-stressed cropland from Central China Great Plain. Field Crop Res 144:113–118.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2012.11.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lawrinenko M (2014) Anion exchange capacity of biochar. Graduate theses and dissertations. Paper 13685. Iowa State UniversityGoogle Scholar
  41. Lee JW, Kidder M, Evans BR, Paik S, Buchanan AC III, Garten CT, Brown RC (2010) Characterization of biochars produced from cornstovers for soil amendments. Environ Sci Technol 44(20):7970–7974.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es101337x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Lehmann J, Joseph S (2009) Biochar for environmental management: an introduction. In: Lehmann J, Joseph S (eds) Biochar for environmental management. Earthscan, London, pp 1–12Google Scholar
  43. Lehmann J, da Silva JP, Steiner C, Nehls T, Zech W, Glaser B (2003) Nutrient availability and leaching in an archaeological Anthrosol and a Ferralsol of the Central Amazon Basin: fertilizer, manure and charcoal amendments. Plant Soil 249(2):343–357.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022833116184 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Lehmann J, Kuzyakov Y, Pan G, Ok YS (2015) Biochars and the plant-soil interface. Plant Soil 395(1-2):1–5.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-015-2658-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Li X, Shen Q, Zhang D, Mei X, Ran W, Xu Y, Yu G (2013) Functional groups determine biochar properties (pH and EC) as studied by two-dimensional 13C NMR correlation spectroscopy. PLoS One 8:65949CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Liang B, Lehmann J, Solomon D, Kinyangi J, Grossman J, O’Neill B, Skjemstad JO, Thies J, Luizão FJ, Petersen J, Neves EG (2006) Black carbon increases cation exchange capacity in soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 70:1719–1730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Lou K, Rajapaksha AU, Ok YS, Chang SX (2016) Pyrolysis temperature and steam activation effects on sorption of phosphate on pine sawdust biochars in aqueous solutions. Chem Spec Bioavailab 28(1-4):42–50.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09542299.2016.1165080 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Masoud AA, Koike K (2006) Arid land salinization detected by remotely-sensed landcover changes: a case study in the Siwa region, NW Egypt. J Arid Environ 66(1):151–167.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2005.10.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Mikan CJ, Abrams MD (1996) Mechanisms inhibiting the forest development of historic charcoal hearths in southeastern Pennsylvania. Can J For Res 26(11):1893–1898.  https://doi.org/10.1139/x26-213 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Morse GK, Brett SW, Guy JA, Lester JN (1998) Review: phosphorus removal and recovery technologies. Sci Total Environ 212(1):69–81.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(97)00332-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Motts CJB (1981) Anion and ligand exchange. In: Greenland DJ, MHB H (eds) The chemistry of soil processes. Wiley Interscience, New York, pp 179–220Google Scholar
  52. Mukherjee A, Zimmerman AR (2013) Organic carbon and nutrient release from a range of laboratory-produced biochars and biochar-soil mixtures. Geoderma 193–194:122–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Mukherjee A, Zimmerman AR, Harris W (2011) Surface chemistry variations among a series of laboratory-produced biochars. Geoderma 163(3-4):247–255.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2011.04.021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Murphy J, Riley JP (1962) A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. Anal Chim Acta 27:31–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Nair PS, Logan TJ, Sharpley AN, Sommers LE, Tabatabai MA, Yuan TL (1984) Interlaboratory comparison of a standardized phosphorus adsorption procedure. J Environ Qual 13(4):591–595.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1984.00472425001300040016x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Ngatia LW, Reddy KR, Nair PKR, Pringle RM, Palmer TM, Turner BL (2014) Seasonal patterns in decomposition and nutrient release from East African savanna grasses grown under contrasting nutrient conditions. Agric Ecosyst Environ 188:12–19.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2014.02.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Novak J, Ro K, Ok YS, Sigua G, Spokas K, Uchimiya S, Bolan N (2016) Biochars multifunctional role as a novel technology in the agricultural, environmental, and industrial sectors. Chemosphere 142:1–3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Park M, Komarneni S (1998) Ammonium nitrate occlusion vs. nitrate ion exchange in natural zeolites. Soil Sci Soc Am J 62(5):1455–1459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Philip N (1988) Kinetic control of dissolved phosphate in natural rivers and estuaries: a primer on the phosphate buffer mechanism. Oceanography 33:649–668Google Scholar
  60. Qian TT, Zhang XS, Hu JY, Jiang H (2013) Effects of environmental conditions on the release of phosphorus from biochar. Chemosphere 93(9):2069–2075.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.07.041 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Rajapaksha AU, Vithanage M, Zhang M, Ahmad M, Mohan D, Chang SX, Ok YS (2014) Pyrolysis condition affected sulfamethazine sorption by tea waste biochars. Bioresour Technol 166:303–308.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.05.029 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Reddy KR, Overcash MR, Khaleel R, Westerman PW (1980) Phosphorus adsorption-desorption characteristics of two soils utilised for disposal of animal wastes. J Environ Qual 9(1):86–89.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1980.00472425000900010020x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Reddy KR, Kadlec RH, Flaig E, Gale PM (1999) Phosphorus retention in streams and wetlands: a review. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 29(1):83–146.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389991259182 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Sarkhot DV, Ghezzehei TA, Berhe AA (2013) Effectiveness of biochar for sorption of ammonium and phosphate from dairy effluent. J Environ Qual 42(5):1545–1554.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2012.0482 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Shepherd JG, Sohi SP, Heal KV (2016) Optimising the recovery and re-use of phosphorus from wastewater effluent for sustainable fertiliser development. Water Res 94:155–165.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2016.02.038 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Shepherd JG, Joseph S, Sohi SP, Heal KV (2017) Biochar and enhanced phosphate capture: mapping mechanisms to functional properties. Chemosphere 179:57–74.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.02.123 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Sims JT, Edwards AC, Schoumans OF, Simard RR (2000) Integrating soil phosphorus testing into environmentally based agricultural management practices. J Environ Qual 29(1):60–71.  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2000.00472425002900010008x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Sims JT, Maguire RO, Leytem AB, Gartley KL, Pautler MC (2002) Evaluation of Mehlich 3 as an agri-environmental soil phosphorus test for the Mid-Atlantic United States of America. Soil Sci Soc Am J 66(6):2016–2032.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2002.2016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Singh BP, Menchavez R, Takai C, Fuji M, Takahashi M (2005) Characterization of concentrated colloidal ceramics suspension: a new approach. J Colloid Interface Sci 300:163–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Singh B, Singh BP, Cowie AL (2010) Characterisation and evaluation of biochars for their application as a soil amendment. Aust J Soil Res 48(7):516–525.  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR10058 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Sommerfeldt TG (1988) Management of saline soils under irrigation. Agriculture Canada, Ottawa Publ. 1624/EGoogle Scholar
  72. Sommerfeldt TG, Rapp E (1982) Management of Saline Soils. Agriculture Canada, Ottawa Publ. 1624EGoogle Scholar
  73. Sun K, Jin J, Kang M, Zhang Z, Pan Z, Wang Z, Wu F, Xing B (2013a) Isolation and characterization of different organic matter fractions from a same soil source and their phenanthrene sorption. Environ Sci Technol 47:5138−5145Google Scholar
  74. Sun K, Kang M, Zhang Z, Jin J, Wang Z, Pan Z, Xu D, Wu F, Xing B (2013b) Impact of de-ashing treatment on biochar structural properties and potential sorption mechanisms of phenanthrene. Environ Sci Technol 47(20):11473–11481.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es4026744 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Thangarajan R, Bolan N, Mandal S, Kunhikrishnan A, Choppala G, Karunanithi R, Qi F (2015) Biochar for inorganic contaminant management in soil. In: Ok YS, Uchimiya SM, Chang SX, Bolan N (eds) Biochar production, characterization, and applications. CRC Press, Taylor& Francis, Boca Raton, pp 100–138Google Scholar
  76. Tyron EH (1948) Effect of charcoal on certain physical, chemical, and biological properties of forest soils. Ecol Monogr 18:82–115Google Scholar
  77. United States Salinity Laboratory Staff (1954) Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils. US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural HandbookGoogle Scholar
  78. Villapando RR, Graetz DA (2001) Phosphorus sorption and desorption properties of the spodic horizon from selected Florida Spodosols. Soil Sci Soc Am J 65(2):331–339.  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2001.652331x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Wang YY, Lu HH, Liu YX, Yang SM (2016) Removal of phosphate from aqueous solution by SiO 2–biochar nanocomposites prepared by pyrolysis of vermiculite treated algal biomass. RSC Adv 6(87):83534–83546.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C6RA15532D CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Xu RK, Xiao SC, Yuan JH, Zhao AZ (2011) Adsorption of methyl violet from aqueous solutions by the biochars derived from crop residues. Bioresour Technol 102(22):10293–10298.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.08.089 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Yang Y, Zhao YQ, Babatunde AO, Wang L, Ren YX, Han Y (2006) Characteristics and mechanisms of phosphate adsorption on dewatered alum sludge. Sep Purif Technol 51(2):193–200.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2006.01.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Yao Y, Gao B, Inyang M, Zimmerman AR, Cao XD, Pullammanappallil P, Yang LY (2011a) Biochar derived from anaerobically digested sugar beet tailings: characterization and phosphate removal potential. Bioresour Technol 102(10):6273–6278.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.03.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Yao Y, Gao B, Inyang M, Zimmerman AR, Cao X, Pullammanappallil P, Yang L (2011b) Removal of phosphate from aqueous solution by biochar derived from anaerobically digested sugar beet tailings. J Hazard Mater 190(1-3):501–507.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.03.083 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Yao Y, Gao B, Zhang M, Inyang M, Zimmerman AR (2012) Effect of biochar amendment on sorption and leaching of nitrate, ammonium, and phosphate in a sandy soil. Chemosphere 89:1467–1471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Yoon J, Hamayun M, Lee S, Lee I (2009) Methyl jasmonate alleviated salinity stress in soybean. J Crop Sci Biotechnol 12(2):63–68.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12892-009-0060-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Zeng Z, Zhang SD, Li TQ, Zhao FL, He ZL, Zhao HP, Yang XE, Wang HL, Zhao J, Rafiq MT (2013) Sorption of ammonium and phosphate from aqueous solution by biochar derived from phytoremediation plants. J Zhejiang Univ-Sci A 14(12):1152–1161.  https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B1300102 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Zhang JZ, Huang XL (2011) Effect of temperature and salinity on phosphate sorption on marine sediments. Environ Sci Technol 45(16):6831–6837.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es200867p CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Zhang HJ, Dong HZ, Li WJ, Zhang DM (2012) Effects of soil salinity and plant density on yield and leaf senescence of field-grown cotton. J Agron Crop Sci 198(1):27–37.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2011.00481.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Zheng W, Sharma BK, Rajagopalan N (2010) Using biochar as a soil amendment for sustainable agriculture. A report submitted to the sustainable agriculture grant program of Illinois Department of Agriculture, grant number: SA 09e37. ​http://hdl.handle.net/2142/25503

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdelhafid Ahmed Dugdug
    • 1
  • Scott X. Chang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yong Sik Ok
    • 2
  • Anushka Upamali Rajapaksha
    • 3
  • Anthony Anyia
    • 4
  1. 1.University of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Korea Biochar Research Center, O-Jeong Eco-Resilience Institute (OJERI) & Division of Environmental Science and Ecological EngineeringKorea UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Faculty of Applied SciencesUniversity of Sri JayewardenepuraNugegodaSri Lanka
  4. 4.National Research Council CanadaOttawaCanada

Personalised recommendations