Characteristics and performance of Cd, Ni, and Pb bio-adsorption using Callinectes sapidus biomass: real wastewater treatment

  • Rauf Foroutan
  • Reza Mohammadi
  • Sima Farjadfard
  • Hossein Esmaeili
  • Maryam Saberi
  • Soleyman SahebiEmail author
  • Sina Dobaradaran
  • Bahman RamavandiEmail author
Research Article


In the current study, the bio-adsorption potential of Callinectes sapidus biomass for control of cadmium, nickel, and lead from the aqueous stream was assessed. Spectrum analysis of FTIR, AFM, EDAX, mapping, SEM, TEM, and XRF was used to study the properties of the C. sapidus biomass. The XRF analysis revealed that C. sapidus bio-adsorbent has various effective metal oxides that can be useful to adsorb pollutants. The best model to describe the equilibrium data was Freundlich isotherm. The Langmuir bio-adsorption capacity was reported at 31.44 mg g−1, 29.23 mg g−1, and 29.15 mg g−1 for lead, cadmium, and nickel ions, respectively. Pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetic models were studied to test the kinetic behavior of the process. An intra-particle diffusion model was used to determine the effective mechanisms involved in the bio-adsorption. Based on t1/2, it can be concluded that the equilibrium speed of the bio-adsorption process is high. The thermodynamic study showed that the metal bio-adsorption process using C. sapidus biomass is exothermic and spontaneous. The field applicability of the crab bio-adsorbent for eliminating concurrently several contaminants (metal ions, antibiotics, sulfate, nitrate, and ammonium) from an actual wastewater was successfully examined.


Callinectes sapidus Heavy metals Kinetic study Aqueous stream Antibiotic Hospital wastewater 



The authors acknowledge the University of Tabriz for financial support (grant no. Tab-132-96) and Bushehr University of Medical Sciences for technical support to conduct this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Declarations of interest


Supplementary material

11356_2018_4108_MOESM1_ESM.docx (63 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 63 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bushehr BranchIslamic Azad UniversityBushehrIran
  2. 2.Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Organic and Biochemistry, Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Chemical Engineering, Bushehr BranchIslamic Azad UniversityBushehrIran
  5. 5.Department for Management of Science and Technology DevelopmentTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  6. 6.Faculty of Environment and Labor SafetyTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  7. 7.Systems Environmental Health and Energy Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research InstituteBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran
  8. 8.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of HealthBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran
  9. 9.The Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research InstituteBushehr University of Medical SciencesBushehrIran

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