Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 7, pp 6545–6556 | Cite as

Biosorption of dysprosium (III) using raw and surface-modified bark powder of Mangifera indica: isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic studies

  • Aparna Prabha Devi
  • Pravat Manjari MishraEmail author
Research Article


In this paper, we have used HDTMA-Br- and NaOH-treated bark powder of Mangifera indica as bio-sorbents for the removal of dysprosium (III) from its aqueous solution. The adsorption process was investigated at different experimental parameters such as contact time, temperature, pH, adsorbent dose, and initial metal concentration. The amount of chemically modified bark powder required was almost two times lesser than raw bark to get a higher percentage removal of the metal ion. The kinetics results revealed the adsorption process follows the nonlinear form a pseudo-second-order model. The negative values of Gibbs free energy change (∆G°) indicated the spontaneity of the adsorption process. The enthalpy change (∆H°) and entropy change (∆S°) of adsorption were 60.97 kJ/mol and 0.48 J/mol K, respectively signified it as an endothermic process. The maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 55.04 mg/g for sorption of Dy (III) on NaOH-treated bark powder and was better fitted to Langmuier model. It was confirmed to follow physisorption process and the activation energy of the system was found to be 41.07 kJ/mol. The possibility of adsorbent and adsorbate interactions were indicated by the FTIR and SEM/EDX analysis.


Biosorption Mangifera indica Dysprosium Nonlinear regression Kinetics Thermodynamics Isotherms 



The authors thank Director, CSIR-IMMT, Bhubaneswar for providing the facilities to carry out this work and CSIR for funding the project.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. Aghayan H, Mahjoub AR, Khanchi AR (2013) Samarium and dysprosium removal using 11-molybdo-vanadophosphoric acid supported on Zr modified mesoporous silica SBA-15. 225, 509–519Google Scholar
  2. Ai L, Li M, Li L (2011) Adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution with activated carbon/cobalt ferrite/alginate composite beads: kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamics. J Chem Eng Data 56:3475–3483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arenas LT, Lima ES, dos Santos AA Jr, Vaghetti JCP, Costa TMH, Benvenutti EV (2007) Use of statistical design of experiments to evaluate the sorption capacity of 1 4-diazoniabicycle [2. 2. 2] octane/silica chloride for Cr(VI) adsorption. Colloid Surf A 297:240–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Argun ME, Dursun S, Ozdemir C (2007) Heavy metal adsorption by modified oak sawdust: thermodynamics and kinetics. J Hazard Mater 141:77–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barrat JA, Keller F, Amosse J, Taylor RN (1996) Determination of rare earth elements in sixteen silicate reference samples by ICP-MS after TM addition and ion exchange separation. Geostand Geoanal Res 20:133–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bonificio W, Clarke DR (2016) Rare-earth separation using bacteria. Environ Sci Technol Lett 14:180–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boparai HK, Joseph M, Carroll DM (2011) Kinetics and thermodynamics of cadmium ion removal by adsorption onto nano zerovalent iron particles. J Hazard Mater 186:458–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dabrowski A (2001) Adsorption-from theory to practice. Adv Colloid Interf Sci 93:135–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Du X, Graedel TE (2011) Global in-use stocks of the rare earth elements: a first estimate. Environ Sci Technol 45:4096–4101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Foo KY, Hameed BH (2010) Insights into the modeling of adsorption isotherm systems. Chem Eng J 156:2–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fritz JS, Richard MJ, Lane WJ (1958) Spectrophotometric determination of rare earths. Anal Chim Acta 30:1777–1779Google Scholar
  12. Gadd GM (2009) Biosorption: critical review of scientific rationale, environmental importance and significance for pollution treatment. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 84:13–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Grebreva ON, Kuzmin NM, Tsysin GI, Zolotov YA (1996) On-line-sorption preconcentration and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry determination of rare earth elements. Spectrochim Acta 51B:1417–1427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gunay A, Arslankaya E, Tosun I (2007) Lead removal from aqueous solution by natural and pretreated clinoptilolite: adsorption equilibrium and kinetics. J Hazard Mater 146:362–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. He S, Zhou Y, Gu Z, Xie S (2009) Adsorption of two cationic dyes from aqueous solution onto natural attapulgite. 3rd Int Conf Bioinformatics Biomed Eng (Icbbe) 11–13Google Scholar
  16. Ho YS, Mckay G (1998) Sorption of dye from aqueous solution by peat. Chem Eng J 70:115–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hoenderdaal S, Espinoza LT, Weidemann FM, Graus W (2013) Can a dysprosium shortage threaten green energy technologies? Energy 49:344–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jacques RA, Bernardi R, Caovila M, Lima EC, Pavan FA, Vaghetti JCP, Airoldi C (2007) Removal of Cu(II) Fe(III) and Cr(III) from aqueous solution by aniline grafted silica gel. Sep Sci Technol 42:591–609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kao WC, Wu JY, Chang CC, Chang JS (2009) Cadmium biosorption by polyvinylalcohol immobilized recombinant Escherichia coli. J Hazard Mater 169:651–658CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Koochaki-Mohammadpour SMA, Torab-Mostaedi M, Talebizadeh-Rafsanjani A, Naderi-Behdani F (2014) Adsorption isotherm, kinetic, thermodynamic, and desorption studies of lanthanum and dysprosium on oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes. J Dispers Sci Technol 35:244–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kumar KV (2007) Optimum sorption isotherm by linear and non-linear methods for malachite green onto lemon peel. Dyes Pigments 74:595–567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lagergren S (1898) About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances. K Sven Vetenskapsakad Handl 24:1–39Google Scholar
  23. Loukidoua MX, Matisa KA, Zouboulisa AI (2003) Removal of As (V) from wastewaters by chemically modified fungal biomass. Water Res 37:4544–4552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lu DD, Cao QL, Cao XJ, Luo F (2009) Removal of Pb (II) using the modified lawny grass: mechanism, kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies. J Hazard Mater 166:239–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lu L, Chen L, Shao W, Luo F (2010) Equilibrium and kinetic modeling of Pb(II) biosorption by a chemically modified orange peel containing Cyanex 272. J Chem Eng Data 55:4147–4153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Milonjic SK (2007) A consideration of the correct calculation of thermodynamic parameters of adsorption. J Serb Chem Soc 72(12):1363–1367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mishra V, Balomajumder C, Agarwal VK (2010) Biosorption of Zn (II) onto the surface of non-living biomasses: a comparative study of adsorbent particle size and removal capacity of three different biomasses. Water Air Soil Pollut 211:489–500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Oliveira RC, Garcia OJ (2009) Study of biosorption of rare earth metals (La, Nd, Eu, Gd) by Sargassum sp. biomass in batch systems: physicochemical evaluation of kinetics and adsorption models. Adv Mater Res 71:605–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Philip L, Iyengar L, Venkobachar C (2000) Biosorption of U, LA, Pr, Nd, Eu, Dy by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 25:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ponou J, Wang LP, Dodbiba G, Matuo S, Okaya K, Fujita T (2014) Recovery of dysprosium ions by biosorption-desorption onto organic plants wastes. Int J Soc Mater Eng Resour 20:141–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Reed BE, Matsumoto MR (1993) Modeling cadmium adsorption by activated carbon using the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm expressions. Sep Sci Technol 28:2179–2195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Roychowdhury P, Roy NK, Das DK (1989) Determination of rare-earth elements and yttrium in silicate rocks by sequential inductively-coupled plasma emission spectrometry. Talanta 36:1183–1186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Saha R, Saha B (2014) Removal of hexavalent chromium from contaminated water by adsorption using mango leaves (Mangifera indica). Desalin Water Treat 52:1928–1936CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Srivastava R, Rupaniwar DC (2011) A comparative evaluation of adsorption of dye on Neem and Mango bark powder. Indian J Chem Technol 18:67–75Google Scholar
  35. Uzum C, Shahwan T, Eroglu AE, Hallam KR, Scott TB, Lieberwirth I (2009) Synthesis and characterization of kaolinite-supported zero-valent iron nanoparticles and their application for the removal of aqueous Cu2+ and Co2+ ions. Appl Clay Sci 43:172–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Vaghetti JCP, Lima EC, Royer B, Brasil JL, Cunha BM, Simona NM, Cardoso NF (2008) Application of Brazilian-pine fruit coat as a biosorbent to removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution - kinetics and equilibrium study. Biochem Eng J 42:67–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Vermeulan TH, Vermeulan KR, Hall LC (1966) Pore- and solid-diffusion kinetics in fixed-bed adsorption under constant-pattern conditions. Ind Eng Chem 5:212–223Google Scholar
  38. Vimala R, Das N (2009) Biosorption of cadmium (II) and lead (II) from aqueous solutions using mushrooms: a comparative study. J Hazard Mater 168:376–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Volesky B (2001) Detoxification of metal-bearing effluents: biosorption for the next century. Hydrometallurgy 59:203–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Voudrias E, Fytianos F, Bozani E (2002) Sorption description isotherms of dyes from aqueous solutions and waste waters with different sorbent materials. Global Nest J 4:75–83Google Scholar
  41. Wang F, Zhao J, Pan F, Zhou H, Yang X, Li W, Liu H (2013) Adsorption properties towards trivalent rare earths by alginate beads doping with silica. Ind Eng Chem Res 52:3453–3461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Weber WJ, Morris JC (1963) Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution. J. Sanit. Eng. Div. Am. Soc. Civ Eng 89:31–37Google Scholar
  43. Weiss D, Paukert T, Rubeska I (1990) Determination of rare earth elements and yttrium in rocks by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry after separation by organic solvent extraction. J Anal At Spectrom 5:371–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Xu S, Boyd S (1995) Cationic surfactant sorption to a vermiculitic subsoil via hydrophobic boding. Environ Sci Technol 29:312–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Yang CH (1998) Statistical mechanical study on the freundlich isotherm eq. J Colloid Interface Sci 208:379–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environment & Sustainability DepartmentCSIR-Institute of Minerals and Materials TechnologyBhubaneswarIndia

Personalised recommendations