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Sediment bacterial communities in a eutrophic lake influenced by multiple inflow-rivers

Abstract

Sediment bacterial communities are sensitive to environmental fluctuations, particularly external input sources. Studying the relationships between bacterial community distribution and the estuarine environment is critical for understanding the river-lake confluence ecosystem and the effect of inflow-rivers on lakes. In the present study, bacterial communities from the sediments of 14 estuaries and four pelagic sites of the Taihu Lake were investigated via high-throughput sequencing. The results demonstrated that Delta-, Beta-, and Gamma-proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Nitrospira, Bacilli, Anaerolineae, and Actinobacteria were the major classes in sediment bacterial communities of the Taihu Lake. In general, the inflow-rivers of different pollution types have distinctly different influences on sediment bacterial communities of the lake. The bacterial community composition and physicochemical properties of pelagic sites were closer to those of the estuaries of western region which was polluted by serious industrial and agricultural pollution. The bacterial community diversity of estuaries was lower than those of pelagic sites. Spearman correlation analysis indicated that α-diversity of the bacterial community was significantly correlated with C/N, total nitrogen, and total carbon in estuarine sediments. Redundancy analysis revealed that the variance in bacterial community composition was also significantly associated with C/N (24.9%) followed by total phosphorus (15.8%), nitrite (7.2%), and nitrate (7.7%) among different estuaries. This study provides a reference to understand the influence of inflow-rivers on the lake ecosystem, which offered a basic guidance for maintaining the ecological system and protecting the water environment of lacustrine basin.

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Acknowledgements

This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China [grant numbers 91547105, 51479066, and 51679064]; the Foundation for Innovative Research Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China [grant number 51421006]; Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, and the Top-Notch Academic Programs Project of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions [PPZY2015A051]; and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [grant number 2016B10614].

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Correspondence to Yi Li.

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Responsible editor: Robert Duran

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Wu, H., Li, Y., Zhang, J. et al. Sediment bacterial communities in a eutrophic lake influenced by multiple inflow-rivers. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24, 19795–19806 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9602-4

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Keywords

  • Lake ecosystem
  • Estuary
  • Sediment
  • Bacterial diversity
  • Community composition