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Underlying mechanisms and effects of hydrated lime and selenium application on cadmium uptake by rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings

Abstract

A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of selenium (Se) and hydrated lime (Lime), applied alone or simultaneously (Se+Lime), on growth and cadmium (Cd) uptake and translocation in rice seedlings grown in an acid soil with three levels of Cd (slight, mild, and moderate contamination). In the soil with 0.41 mg kg−1 Cd (slight Cd contamination), Se addition alone significantly decreased Cd accumulation in the root and shoot by 35.3 and 40.1%, respectively, but this tendency weakened when Cd level in the soil increased. However, Se+Lime treatment effectively reduced Cd accumulation in rice seedlings in the soil with higher Cd levels. The results also showed that Se application alone strongly increased Cd concentration in the iron plaque under slight Cd contamination, which was suggested as the main reason underlying the inhibition of Cd accumulation in rice seedlings. Se+Lime treatment also increased the ability of the iron plaques to restrict Cd uptake by rice seedlings across all Cd levels and dramatically decreased the available Cd concentration in the soil. These results suggest that Se application alone would be useful in the soil with low levels of Cd, and the effect would be enhanced when Se application is combined with hydrated lime at higher Cd levels.

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Acknowledgements

This work was jointly sponsored by the National Key Technology Research and Development Program of China (2015BAD05B04) and the GanPo 555 Talents Program of Jiangxi Province, China. In addition, we are very grateful to two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments on improving our manuscript.

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Correspondence to Xingxiang Wang.

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Responsible editor: Elena Maestri

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Cite this article

Huang, G., Ding, C., Guo, F. et al. Underlying mechanisms and effects of hydrated lime and selenium application on cadmium uptake by rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24, 18926–18935 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9573-5

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Keywords

  • Cadmium
  • Soil
  • Iron plaque
  • Lime
  • Selenium
  • Rice seedling