Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 20, pp 17056–17067 | Cite as

Investigating the relationship between lead speciation and bioaccessibility of mining impacted soils and dusts

  • Yanju Liu
  • Olanrewaju Bello
  • Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman
  • Zhaomin Dong
  • Shofiqul Islam
  • Ravi NaiduEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

Lead (Pb) bioaccessibility measurements have been the subject of much research in recent years, given the desire to develop a cost-effective and reliable alternative method to estimate its bioavailability from soils and dusts. This study investigates the relationship between Pb bioaccessibility estimated using the Relative Bioavailability Leaching Procedure (RBALP) and solid phase speciation of Pb using mining impacted soils and associated dusts. Solid phase speciation was conducted prior to and after RBALP extractions. The average Pb concentrations were 59, 67, and 385 mg/kg for top soil, sub-soil, and house dust samples, respectively. Lead bioaccessibility in selected top soils and dusts ranged from 16.7 to 57.3% and 8.9 to 98.1%, respectively. Solid phase speciation of Pb in <250 μm residues prior to and after RBALP extraction revealed 83% decrease in Pb bound to carbonate fraction after RBALP extraction. This accounts for 69% of RBALP-extractable Pb. Besides contribution from carbonate bound Pb, 76.6 and 53.2% of Pb bound to Mn oxyhydroxides and amorphous Fe and Al oxyhydroxides contributed to bioaccessible Pb, respectively. However, Pb bound to Mn oxyhydroxides and amorphous Fe and Al oxyhydroxides account for only 13.8 and 20.0% of total RBALP-extractable Pb, respectively. Both non-specifically bound and easily exchangeable fractions and strongly bound inner-sphere complexes were also part of bioaccessible Pb. The present study demonstrates that bioaccessible Pb is released from both soil solution phase Pb as well as that from all soil solid phase with the most contribution being from Pb bound to carbonate mineral phase.

Keywords

Lead bioaccessibility Lead speciation Mining contamination Lead exposure Risk assessment 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding support including a fellowship for Dr. Olanrewaju Bello from CRC-CARE is highly appreciated. We are grateful to Dr. Ray Correll, Rho Environments, Australia, for assisting us with statistical analysis of the data.

Supplementary material

11356_2017_9250_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.8 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1891 kb)

References

  1. Argyraki A (2014) Garden soil and house dust as exposure media for lead uptake in the mining village of Stratoni, Greece. Environ Geochem Health 36:677–692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bello O, Naidu R, Rahman MM, Liu Y, Dong Z (2016) Lead concentration in the blood of the general population living near a lead–zinc mine site, Nigeria: exposure pathways. Sci Total Environ 542(Part A):908–914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blacksmith Institue GCS (2012) The world’s worst pollution problems: assessing health risks at the hazardous waste sites. In: Institue TB (Hrsg.), New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Bradham KD, Laird BD, Rasmussen PE, Schoof RA, Serda SM, Siciliano SD, Hughes MF (2014) Assessing the bioavailability and risk from metal-contaminated soils and dusts. Hum Ecol Risk Assess: Int J 20:272–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. British Standard Institution (1995) Safety of toys. Specification for migration of certain elements, British Standard Institution, pp 1–24Google Scholar
  6. Casteel SW, Weis CP, Henningsen GM, Brattin WJ (2006) Estimation of relative bioavailability of lead in soil and soil-like materials using young swine. Environ Health Perspect 114:1162–1171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chiang KY, Lin KC, Lin SC, Chang T-K, Wang MK (2010) Arsenic and lead (beudantite) contamination of agricultural rice soils in the Guandu Plain of northern Taiwan. J Hazard Mater 181:1066–1071CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chrastný V, Vaněk A, Teper L, Cabala J, Procházka J, Pechar L, Drahota P, Penížek V, Komárek M, Novák M (2012) Geochemical position of Pb, Zn and Cd in soils near the Olkusz mine/smelter, South Poland: effects of land use, type of contamination and distance from pollution source. Environ Monit Assess 184:2517–2536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Coelho P, Costa S, Silva S, Walter A, Ranville J, Sousa ACA, Costa C, Coelho M, García-Lestón J, Pastorinho MR, Laffon B, Pásaro E, Harrington C, Taylor A, Teixeira JP (2012) Metal(loid) levels in biological matrices from human populations exposed to mining contamination—Panasqueira Mine (Portugal). J Toxicol Environ Health, Part A 75:893–908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cui X-Y, Li S-W, Zhang S-J, Fan Y-Y, Ma LQ (2015) Toxic metals in children’s toys and jewelry: coupling bioaccessibility with risk assessment. Environ Pollut 200:77–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Demetriades A, Li X, Ramsey M, Thornton I (2010) Chemical speciation and bioaccessibility of lead in surface soil and house dust, Lavrion urban area, Attiki, Hellas. Environ Geochem Health 32:529–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Deshommes E, Prévost M (2012) Pb particles from tap water: bioaccessibility and contribution to child exposure. Environ Sci Technol 46:6269–6277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Drexler J, Brattin W (2007) An in vitro procedure for estimation of lead relative bioavailability: with validation. Hum Ecol Risk Assess 13:383–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fakayode S, Onianwa P (2002) Heavy metal contamination of soil, and bioaccumulation in Guinea grass (Panicum maximum) around Ikeja Industrial Estate, Lagos, Nigeria. Environ Geol 43:145–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gamiño-Gutiérrez S, González-Pérez CI, Gonsebatt M, Monroy-Fernández M (2013) Arsenic and lead contamination in urban soils of Villa de la Paz (Mexico) affected by historical mine wastes and its effect on children’s health studied by micronucleated exfoliated cells assay. Environ Geochem Health 35:37–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Guney M, Zagury GJ (2014) Bioaccessibility of As, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Sb in toys and low-cost jewelry. Environ Sci Technol 48:1238–1246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Han Z, Bi X, Li Z, Yang W, Wang L, Yang H, Li F, Ma Z (2012) Occurrence, speciation and bioaccessibility of lead in Chinese rural household dust and the associated health risk to children. Atmos Environ 46:65–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Howard JL, Sova JE (1993) Sequential extraction analysis of lead in Michigan roadside soils: mobilization in the vadose zone by deicing salts? Soil Sediment Contam 2:361–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Huang M, Wang W, Chan CY, Cheung KC, Man YB, Wang X, Wong MH (2014) Contamination and risk assessment (based on bioaccessibility via ingestion and inhalation) of metal(loid)s in outdoor and indoor particles from urban centers of Guangzhou, China. Sci Total Environ 479–480:117–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ji K, Kim J, Lee M, Park S, Kwon H-J, Cheong H-K, Jang J-Y, Kim D-S, Yu S, Kim Y-W, Lee K-Y, Yang S-O, Jhung IJ, Yang W-H, Paek D-H, Hong Y-C, Choi K (2013) Assessment of exposure to heavy metals and health risks among residents near abandoned metal mines in Goseong, Korea. Environ Pollut 178:322–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Karrari P, Mehrpour O, Abdollahi M (2012) A systematic review on status of lead pollution and toxicity in Iran; guidance for preventive measures. DARU J Pharm Sci 20:2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Koller K, Brown T, Spurgeon A, Levy L (2004) Recent developments in low-level lead exposure and intellectual impairment in children. Environ Health Perspect 112(9):987–994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. KPMG (2012) Nigerian Mining Sector, Victoria Island, LagosGoogle Scholar
  24. Li H-B, Cui X-Y, Li K, Li J, Juhasz AL, Ma LQ (2014a) Assessment of in vitro lead bioaccessibility in house dust and its relationship to in vivo lead relative bioavailability. Environ Sci Technol 48:8548–8555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Li Z, Ma Z, van der Kuijp TJ, Yuan Z, Huang L (2014b) A review of soil heavy metal pollution from mines in China: pollution and health risk assessment. Sci Total Environ 468–469:843–853CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Li J, Li K, Cave M, Li H-B, Ma LQ (2015) Lead bioaccessibility in 12 contaminated soils from China: correlation to lead relative bioavailability and lead in different fractions. J Hazard Mater 295:55–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ljung K, Selinus O, Otabbong E, Berglund M (2006) Metal and arsenic distribution in soil particle sizes relevant to soil ingestion by children. Appl Geochem 21:1613–1624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lo Y-C, Dooyema CA, Neri A, Durant J, Jefferies T, Medina-Marino A, de Ravello L, Thoroughman D, Davis L, Dankoli RS (2012) Childhood lead poisoning associated with gold ore processing: a village-level investigation—Zamfara State, Nigeria, October-November 2010. Environ Health Perspect 120:1450–1455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mackay AK, Taylor MP, Munksgaard NC, Hudson-Edwards KA, Burn-Nunes L (2013) Identification of environmental lead sources and pathways in a mining and smelting town: Mount Isa, Australia. Environ Pollut 180:304–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. MacLean LCW, Beauchemin S, Rasmussen PE (2011) Lead speciation in house dust from Canadian urban homes using EXAFS, micro-XRF, and micro-XRD. Environ Sci Technol 45:5491–5497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Naidu R, Bolan NS, Adriano D (2003) Bioavailability, toxicity and risk relationships in ecosystems: the path ahead. Science Publishers, EnfieldGoogle Scholar
  32. NEPM (2013) Schedule B1: Guideline on Investigation levels for soil and groundwater, National Envrionmental Protection (Assessment of Site Contamination) Measure 1999, amended in 2013. Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2013C00288Google Scholar
  33. Onianwa PC, Adoghe JO (1997) Heavy-metal content of roadside gutter sediments in Ibadan, Nigeria. Environ Int 23:873–877CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Opaluwa OD, Aremu MO, Ogbo LO, Abiola KA, Odiba IE, Abubakar MM, Nweze NO (2012) Heavy metal concentrations in soils, plant leaves and crops grown around dump sites in Lafia Metropolis, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Adv Appl Sci 3:780–784Google Scholar
  35. Oti Wilberforce JO, Nwabue FI (2013) Heavy metals effect due to contamination of vegetables from Enyigba lead mine in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Environ Pollut 2:19–26Google Scholar
  36. Palmer S, McIlwaine R, Ofterdinger U, Cox SF, McKinley JM, Doherty R, Wragg J, Cave M (2015) The effects of lead sources on oral bioaccessibility in soil and implications for contaminated land risk management. Environ Pollut 198:161–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Palumbo-Roe B, Wragg J, Cave MR, Wagner D (2013) Effect of weathering product assemblages on Pb bioaccessibility in mine waste: implications for risk management. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:7699–7710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pascaud G, Leveque T, Soubrand M, Boussen S, Joussein E, Dumat C (2014) Environmental and health risk assessment of Pb, Zn, As and Sb in soccer field soils and sediments from mine tailings: solid speciation and bioaccessibility. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21:4254–4264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rasmussen PE, Beauchemin S, Chénier M, Levesque C, MacLean LCW, Marro L, Jones-Otazo H, Petrovic S, McDonald LT, Gardner HD (2011) Canadian house dust study: lead bioaccessibility and speciation. Environ Sci Technol 45:4959–4965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rasmussen PE, Beauchemin S, Maclean LC, Chénier M, Levesque C, Gardner HD (2014) Impact of humidity on speciation and bioaccessibility of Pb, Zn, Co and Se in house dust. J Anal At Spectrom 29:1206–1217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ruby MV, Davis A, Schoof R, Eberle S, Sellstone CM (1996) Estimation of lead and arsenic bioavailability using a physiologically based extraction test. Environ Sci Technol 30:422–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Scheckel KG, Ryan JA (2004) Spectroscopic speciation and quantification of lead in phosphate-amended soils. J Environ Qual 33:1288–1295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Smith E, Weber J, Naidu R, McLaren RG, Juhasz AL (2011) Assessment of lead bioaccessibility in peri-urban contaminated soils. J Hazard Mater 186:300–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Turner A, Ip K-H (2007) Bioaccessibility of metals in dust from the indoor environment: application of a physiologically based extraction test. Environ Sci Technol 41:7851–7856CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. US EPA (1994) Guidance manual for the integrated exposure uptake biokinetic model for lead in children. In: Office of Emergency and Remedial Response (Hrsg.), Research Triangle Park, NCGoogle Scholar
  46. US EPA (2007) Estimation of relative bioavailability of lead in soil and soil-like materials using in vivo and in vitro methods. In: Environmental Protection Agency (Hrsg.). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  47. USEPA (2012) Standard operating procedure for an in vitro bioaccessibility assay for lead in soil. In: Agency EP (Hrsg.). Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, US Environmental Protection Agency. EPA Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  48. Wenzel WW, Kirchbaumer N, Prohaska T, Stingeder G, Lombi E, Adriano DC (2001) Arsenic fractionation in soils using an improved sequential extraction procedure. Anal Chim Acta 436:309–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. WHO (2010) Childhood lead poisoning. WHO Press, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  50. Wragg J, Cave M (2003) In-vitro methods for the measurement of the oral bioaccessibility of selected metals and metalloids in soils: a critical review, R&D Technical Report P5–62/TR/01. Bristol, UK: Environment AgencyGoogle Scholar
  51. Yan K, Dong Z, Liu Y, Naidu R (2015) Quantifying statistical relationships between commonly used in vitro models for estimating lead bioaccessibility. Environ Sci Pollut Res 1–10Google Scholar
  52. Yang K, Cattle SR (2015) Bioaccessibility of lead in urban soil of Broken Hill, Australia: a study based on in vitro digestion and the IEUBK model. Sci Total Environ 538:922–933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Yang J-K, Barnett MO, Jardine PM, Brooks SC (2003) Factors controlling the bioaccessibility of arsenic(V) and lead(II) in soil. Soil Sediment Contam Int J 12:165–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Yolcubal I, Akyol NH (2008) Adsorption and transport of arsenate in carbonate-rich soils: coupled effects of nonlinear and rate-limited sorption. Chemosphere 73:1300–1307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Yu CH, Yiin L-M, Lioy PJ (2006) The bioaccessibility of lead (Pb) from vacuumed house dust on carpets in urban residences. Risk Anal 26:125–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanju Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Olanrewaju Bello
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhaomin Dong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shofiqul Islam
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ravi Naidu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Global Center for Environmental RemediationUniversity of NewcastleNewcastleAustralia
  2. 2.CRC for Contamination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment, ATC BuildingUniversity of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Soil Science, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of CalabarCalabarNigeria

Personalised recommendations