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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 12, pp 11228–11239 | Cite as

A comparative analysis of composts and vermicomposts derived from municipal solid waste for the growth and yield of green bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)

  • Nuhaa SoobhanyEmail author
  • Romeela Mohee
  • Vinod Kumar Garg
Research Article

Abstract

This work was conducted to evaluate and compare the responses of Phaseolus vulgaris to three types of composts and vermicomposts derived from municipal solid waste (MSW). Different amendment rates were used and evaluated for their effect on germination, growth, and marketable yield. MSW-derived vermicomposts and composts were substituted into mineral brown-earth soil, applied at rates of 0 (control), 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 100% (v/v) in plastic pots of 7.2-L capacity. Green beans which are grown in 40% vermicompost/soil mixtures and compost/soil mixtures yielded 78.3–89.5% higher fruit weights as compared to control. Results showed that MSW vermicomposts consistently outperformed equivalent quantities of composts in terms of fruit yield, shoot, and root dry weights, which can be attributed to the contributions of physicochemical properties and nutrients content (N, P, and K) in the potting experiments. Consequently, it seemed likely that MSW vermicompost provided other biological inputs such as plant growth regulators (PGRs) and plant growth hormones (PGHs), which could have a considerably positive effect on the growth and yields of P. vulgaris as compared to composts. More in-depth scientific investigation is required in order to identify the distinctive effects and the exact mechanisms of these PGRs in MSW vermicomposts which influenced plant growth responses.

Keywords

MSW-derived compost Vermicompost Phaseolus vulgaris Plant growth Yield Plant uptake 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was made possible with the financial supports from the Mauritius Research Council (MRC) and associated contingency funds. The authors are highly thankful to editor Prof. Garrigues and anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments on the earlier version of this manuscript.

Supplementary material

11356_2017_8774_MOESM1_ESM.docx (36 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 35 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nuhaa Soobhany
    • 1
    Email author
  • Romeela Mohee
    • 2
  • Vinod Kumar Garg
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of MauritiusMokaMauritius
  2. 2.Office of Vice ChancellorUniversity of MauritiusMokaMauritius
  3. 3.Centre for Environmental Science and TechnologyCentral University of PunjabBathindaIndia

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