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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 12, pp 11734–11751 | Cite as

Geochemical behavior of ultramafic waste rocks with carbon sequestration potential: a case study of the Dumont Nickel Project, Amos, Québec

  • El Hadji Babacar Kandji
  • Benoit PlanteEmail author
  • Bruno Bussière
  • Georges Beaudoin
  • Pierre-Philippe Dupont
Research Article

Abstract

The geochemical behavior of ultramafic waste rocks and the effect of carbon sequestration by these waste rocks on the water drainage quality were investigated using laboratory-scale kinetic column tests on samples from the Dumont Nickel Project (RNC Minerals, QC, Canada). The test results demonstrated that atmospheric CO2 dissolution induced the weathering of serpentine and brucite within the ultramafic rocks, generating high concentrations of Mg and HCO3 with pH values ranging between 9 and 10 in the leachates that promote the precipitation of secondary Mg carbonates. These alkaline pH values appear to have prevented the mobilization of many metals; Fe, Ni, Cu, and Zn were found at negligible concentrations in the leachates. Posttesting characterization using chemical analyses, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT), and scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations confirmed the precipitation of secondary hydrated Mg carbonates as predicted by thermodynamic calculations. The formation of secondary Mg carbonates induced cementation of the waste particles, resulting in the development of a hardpan.

Keywords

Alkaline drainage Carbon sequestration Hydrated magnesium carbonate Kinetic column test Prediction Ultramafic waste rock 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank RNC Minrals and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) for their contributions to a Research and Collaborative Grant, the Research Institute in Mining and Environment (RIME-UQAT) and the RNC Minerals staff. The URSTM (UQAT) staff is also acknowledged for their laboratory support during this project.

Supplementary material

11356_2017_8735_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (84 kb)
Figure S1 Cumulative and normalized column loadings for SO4, Mg, Si, and Ca (PDF 83 kb)
11356_2017_8735_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (254 kb)
Figure S2 Post column test dismantling (PDF 253 kb)
11356_2017_8735_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (23 kb)
Figure S3 Water saturation profile upon column dismantling (PDF 23 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • El Hadji Babacar Kandji
    • 1
  • Benoit Plante
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bruno Bussière
    • 1
  • Georges Beaudoin
    • 2
  • Pierre-Philippe Dupont
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Institute in Mining and Environment (RIME)UQAT (Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue)Rouyn-NorandaCanada
  2. 2.Department of Geology and Geological EngineeringUniversité LavalQuébecCanada
  3. 3.RNC MineralsAmosCanada

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