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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 8, pp 7693–7704 | Cite as

Experimental coupling and modelling of wet air oxidation and packed-bed biofilm reactor as an enhanced phenol removal technology

  • Marine Minière
  • Olivier BoutinEmail author
  • Audrey Soric
Research Article

Abstract

Experimental coupling of wet air oxidation process and aerobic packed-bed biofilm reactor is presented. It has been tested on phenol as a model refractory compound. At 30 MPa and 250 °C, wet air oxidation batch experiments led to a phenol degradation of 97% and a total organic carbon removal of 84%. This total organic carbon was mainly due to acetic acid. To study the interest of coupling processes, wet air oxidation effluent was treated in a biological treatment process. This step was made up of two packed-bed biofilm reactors in series: the first one acclimated to phenol and the second one to acetic acid. After biological treatment, phenol and total organic carbon removal was 99 and 97% respectively. Thanks to parameters from literature, previous studies (kinetic and thermodynamic) and experimental data from this work (hydrodynamic parameters and biomass characteristics), both treatment steps were modelled. This modelling allows the simulation of the coupling process. Experimental results were finally well reproduced by the continuous coupled process model: relative error on phenol removal efficiency was 1 and 5.5% for wet air oxidation process and packed-bed biofilm reactor respectively.

Keywords

Coupled process Advanced oxidation process Wet air oxidation Biological treatment Biofilm packed bed Process modelling Phenol 

Nomenclature

AF

m2

Total biofilm surface area

BOD

gBOD L−1

Biological oxygen demand

CO2(d)

mol L−1

Dissolved oxygen concentration in WAO

CWAOHdq

mol L−1

Hydroquinone concentration in WAO

CWAOAcAc

mol L−1

Acetic acid concentration in WAO

CWAOPhOH

mol L−1

Phenol concentration in WAO

C0PhOH

g m−3

Phenol concentration at the packing/biofilm interface

CBPhOH

g m−3

Phenol concentration in bulk liquid

CFPhOH

g m−3

Phenol concentration at the biofilm/boundary layer interface

CinPhOH

g m−3

Phenol concentration in the influent

COD

gCOD L−1

Chemical oxygen demand

DFPhOH

m2 s−1

Phenol diffusion coefficient in biofilm

DLPhOH

m2 s−1

Phenol diffusion coefficient in water

dP

m

Packing characteristic size

jFPhOH

gphenol m−2 s−1

Phenol flux

k

L mol−1 s−1

Phenol oxidation rate constant

kPhOH

m s−1

Phenol mass transfer coefficient

Ki

g m−3

Phenol inhibition constant

KPhOH

g m−3

Phenol affinity constant

LL

m

Boundary layer length

Q

m3 s−1

Phenol flow rate

R

Ratio of phenol diffusion coefficient in biofilm on phenol diffusion coefficient in water

r

gCOD-X m−3 s−1

Bacteria growth rate

rPhOH

gphenol m−3 s−1

Phenol consumption rate

Re

Reynolds number

Sc

Schmidt number

Sh

Sherwood number

XH

gCOD-X m−3

Biofilm density

XV

kgVS m−3

Biofilm density used in R calculation

YX/H

gCOD-X gphenol −1

Heterotrophic biomass yield

z

m

Distance from packing

μmax

s−1

Specific growth rate

νwater

m2 s−1

Water kinematic viscosity

Supplementary material

11356_2017_8435_MOESM1_ESM.docx (236 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 235 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, Centrale Marseille, M2P2MarseilleFrance

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