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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 9, pp 7938–7958 | Cite as

The role of graphene oxide and graphene oxide-based nanomaterials in the removal of pharmaceuticals from aqueous media: a review

  • Ayub Khan
  • Jian Wang
  • Jun Li
  • Xiangxue Wang
  • Zhongshan Chen
  • Ahmed Alsaedi
  • Tasawar Hayat
  • Yuantao Chen
  • Xiangke WangEmail author
Review Article

Abstract

In this review paper, the ill effects of pharmaceuticals (PhAs) on the environment and their adsorption on graphene oxide (GO) and graphene oxide-based (GO-based) nanomaterials have been summarised and discussed. The adsorption of prominent PhAs discussed herein includes beta-blockers (atenolol and propranolol), antibiotics (tetracycline, ciprofloxacin and sulfamethoxazole), pharmaceutically active compounds (carbamazepine) and analgesics such as diclofenac. The adsorption of PhAs strictly depends upon the experimental conditions such as pH, adsorbent and adsorbate concentrations, temperature, ionic strength, etc. To understand the adsorption mechanism and feasibility of the adsorption process, the adsorption isotherms, thermodynamics and kinetic studies were also considered. Except for some cases, GO and its derivatives show excellent adsorption capacities for PhAs, which is crucial for their applications in the environmental pollution cleanup.

Keywords

Graphene oxide Graphene oxide-based nanomaterials Water pollution cleanup Adsorption Interaction mechanism 

Abbreviations

AA

Amoxicillin

AC

Activated carbon

AOPs

Advanced oxidation processes

APAP

Acetaminophen

ASA

Aspirin

ATL

Atenolol

BFs

Biomass fibres

BOD

Biological oxygen demand

BSA

Bovine serum albumin

CA

Calcium alginate

CAF

Caffeine

CBZ

Carbamazepine

CIP

Ciprofloxacin

CNTs

Carbon nanotubes

CPC

Chemically prepared carbon

CSC

China Scholarship Council

CTC

Chlortetracycline

CVD

Chemical vapour deposition

CX

Carbon xerogel

DOC

Doxycycline

DOM

Dissolved organic matter

Dorzo

Dorzolamide

DOX

Doxorubicin hydrochloride

D-R

Dubinin–Radushkevich

EDCs

Endocrine disrupting compounds

GO/CSA

GO/poly(acrylic acid) grafted with chitosan

GO

Graphene oxide

GO-MPs

Graphene oxide functionalized magnetic nanoparticles

GONPs

Graphene oxide nanoplatelets

HA

Humic acid

IBU

Ibuprofen

IHM

Improved Hummer’s method

KEP

Ketoprofen

MCGO

Magnetic chitosan-grafted graphene oxide nanocomposite

MHM

Modified Hummer’s method

MMCC

Magnetic mesoporous carbon composite

Mont

Montmorillonite

NOR

Norfloxacin

OCFGs

Oxygen-containing functional groups

OTC

Oxytetracycline

PhAs

Pharmaceuticals

PRO

Propranolol

SAs

Sulfonamides

SDBS

Sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate

SMX

Sulfamethoxazole

SPY

Sulfapyridine

SSA

Specific surface area

STZ

Sulfathiazole

TC

Tetracycline

WWTPs

Wastewater treatment plants

Notes

Acknowledgements

The support from the Chinese government under China Scholarship Council (CSC) for foreign postgraduate students, NSFC (21225730, 91326202, 21577032), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (JB2015001), the Kunlun Scholarship of Qinghai province, the Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Radiation Medicine and Protection and the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions is acknowledged.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment and Chemical EngineeringNorth China Electric Power UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.NAAM Research Group, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsQuaid-I-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryQinghai Normal UniversityXiningPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Collaborative Innovation Center of Radiation Medicine of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions and School for Radiological and Interdisciplinary SciencesSoochow UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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