Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 8, pp 7541–7552 | Cite as

Dynamic linkages between road transport energy consumption, economic growth, and environmental quality: evidence from Pakistan

  • Danish 
  • Muhammad Awais Baloch
Research Article


The focus of the present research work is to investigate the dynamic relationship between economic growth, road transport energy consumption, and environmental quality. To this end, we rely on time series data for the period 1971 to 2014 in the context of Pakistan. To use sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission from transport sector as a new proxy for measuring environmental quality, the present work employs time series technique ARDL which allows energy consumption from the transport sector, urbanization, and road infrastructure to be knotted by symmetric relationships with SO2 emissions and economic growth. From the statistical results, we confirm that road infrastructure boosts economic growth. Simultaneously, road infrastructure and urbanization hampers environmental quality and causes to accelerate emission of SO2 in the atmosphere. Furthermore, economic growth has a diminishing negative impact on total SO2 emission. Moreover, we did not find any proof of the expected role of transport energy consumption in SO2 emission. The acquired results directed that care should be taken in the expansion of road infrastructure and green city policies and planning are required in the country.


Road infrastructure Road energy consumption ARDL model Economic growth SO2 emission 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Management and EconomicsBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina

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