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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 8362–8370 | Cite as

Cities of the future—bionic systems of new urban environment

  • Alicja Edyta KrzemińskaEmail author
  • Anna Danuta Zaręba
  • Anna Dzikowska
  • Katarzyna Rozalia Jarosz
Environmental Aspects in the Sustainable Energy Development

Abstract

The concepts of the cities we know nowadays, and which we are accustomed to, change at a very rapid pace. The philosophy of their design is also changing. It will base on new standards, entering a completely different, futuristic dimension. This stage is related to changes in the perception of space, location and lack of belonging to definite, national or cultural structures. Cities of the future are cities primarily intelligent, zero-energetic, zero-waste, environmentally sustainable, self-sufficient in terms of both organic food production and symbiosis between the environment and industry. New cities will be able to have new organisational structures—either city states, or, apolitical, jigsaw-like structures that can change their position—like in the case of the city of Artisanopolis, designed as a floating city, close to the land, reminiscent of the legendary Atlantis. This paper is focused on the main issues connected with problems of the contemporary city planning. The purpose of the research was to identify existing technological solutions, whose aim is to use solar energy and urban greenery. The studies were based on literature related to future city development issues and futuristic projects of the architects and city planners. In the paper, the following issues have been verified: futuristic cities and districts, and original bionic buildings, both residential and industrial. The results of the analysis have been presented in a tabular form.

Keywords

Urban systems Intelligent cities Futuristic urban planning 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alicja Edyta Krzemińska
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anna Danuta Zaręba
    • 1
  • Anna Dzikowska
    • 2
  • Katarzyna Rozalia Jarosz
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Earth Sciences and Environmental ManagementUniversity of WrocławWrocławPoland
  2. 2.General Tadeusz Kościuszko Military Academy of Land ForcesWrocławPoland
  3. 3.International University of Logistics and Transport in WrocławWrocławPoland

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