Flocculation performance of lignin-based flocculant during reactive blue dye removal: comparison with commercial flocculants
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A novel lignin-based flocculant (LBF) with superior flocculation performance was prepared from paper mill sludge in this work. The functional groups of LBF and alkaline lignin (AL) were determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The flocculation performance of LBF integrated with polyaluminum chloride (PAC) was tested in reactive dye wastewater treatment. Floc properties and color removals in multiple flocculation systems were discussed. Results indicated that the dye removal (93%) was greatly facilitated as the LBF was integrated with PAC (PAC + LBF). In addition, floc properties and color removals were significantly improved in the presence of Ca2+ and Mg2+. In contrary, flocculation performance was greatly restricted in the presence of SO4 2−. LBF was less pH sensitive and shear sensitive than polyacrylamide (PAM) due to the enhanced charge neutralization and bridging action. On the basis of that, LBF could be used as a promising flocculant in dye wastewater treatment.
KeywordsPolyaluminum chloride (PAC) Polyacrylamide (PAM) Lignin-based flocculant (LBF) Floc properties pH Shear force
The kind suggestions from the anonymous reviewers are greatly acknowledged.
This work was supported by grants from Tai Shan Scholar Foundation (No. ts201511003).
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