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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 2783–2804 | Cite as

Environmental characteristics and changes of sediment pore water dissolved organic matter in four Chinese lakes

  • Khan M. G. Mostofa
  • Wen Li
  • Fengchang WuEmail author
  • Cong-Qiang Liu
  • Haiqing Liao
  • Li Zeng
  • Min Xiao
Research Article

Abstract

Sediment pore waters were examined in four Chinese lakes (Bosten, Qinghai, Chenghai and Dianchi) to characterise the sources of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and their microbial changes in the sediment depth profiles. Parallel factor (PARAFAC) modelling on the sample fluorescence spectra confirmed that the pore water DOM was mostly composed of two components with a mixture of both allochthonous and autochthonous fulvic acid-like substances in three lakes, except Lake Dianchi, and protein-like components in Lake Bosten. However, DOM in Lake Dianchi was composed of three components, including a fulvic acid-like, and two unidentified components, which could originate from mixed sources of either sewerage-impacted allochthonous or autochthonous organic matter (OM). Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations were typically high (583–7410 μM C) and fluctuated and increased vertically in the depth profile. The fluorescence intensity of the fulvic acid-like substance and absorbance at 254 nm increased vertically in the sediment pore waters of three lakes. A significant relationship between DOC and the fluorescence intensity of the fulvic acid-like component in the sediment pore waters of three lakes, except Lake Dianchi, suggested that the fulvic acid-like component could significantly contribute to total DOM and could originate via complex microbial processes in early diagenesis on OM (ca. phytoplankton, terrestrial plant material) in these lakes. Pore water DOM components could therefore be a useful indicator to assess the DOM sources of the lake sediment during sedimentation over the past several decades, which have been heavily affected by ambient terrestrial vegetation and human activities.

Keywords

Sediment pore waters Dissolved organic matter Fluorescent dissolved organic matter PARAFAC modelling UV absorbance Fulvic acid-like component 

Notes

Funding information

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 40973090, 40703022, 40525011, 40773065), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFA0601000) and also by the Key Construction Program of the National “985” Project, Tianjin University, China.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khan M. G. Mostofa
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wen Li
    • 2
  • Fengchang Wu
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Cong-Qiang Liu
    • 2
  • Haiqing Liao
    • 3
  • Li Zeng
    • 3
  • Min Xiao
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Surface–Earth System Science, Tianjin UniversityTianjin 300072People’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Environmental GeochemistryInstitute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijing 550002People’s Republic of China
  3. 3.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Lake Pollution ControlChinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingChina

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